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This paper presents extensive validation analyses of ozone observations from the Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment (ACE) satellite instruments: the ACE Fourier Transform Spectrometer (ACE-FTS) and the Measurement of Aerosol Extinction in the Stratosphere and Troposphere Retrieved by Occultation (ACE-MAESTRO) instrument. 5 The ACE satellite instruments(More)
A special in situ PEM fuel cell has been developed to allow X-ray absorption measurements during real fuel cell operation. Variations in both the coverage of O[H] (O[H] indicates O and/or OH) and CO (applying a novel Deltamu(L3) = mu(L3)(V) - mu(L3)(ref) difference technique), as well as in the geometric (EXAFS) and electronic (atomic XAFS) structure of the(More)
Membrane electrode assemblies (MEA) for fuel cells require optimization of their nanoscale organization to reach performance parameters, which include enhanced power density, increased catalyst utilization and reduced cost. We applied sprayed layer-by-layer assembly to produce a high activity MEA for H(2)/O(2) fuel cells from polyaniline fibers (PANI-F).(More)
Pt-Ru alloys are prominent electrocatalysts in fuel cell anodes as they feature a very high activity for the oxidation of reformate and methanol. The improved CO tolerance of these alloys has been discussed in relation to the so-called ligand and bifunctional mechanisms. Although these effects have been known for many years, they are still not completely(More)
In operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy data using the Δμ X-ray Absorption Near Edge Spectroscopy (XANES) analysis procedure is used to follow the ORR intermediate adsorbate coverage on a working catalyst in a PEMFC during initial activation and break-in. The adsorbate coverage and log i (Tafel) curves reveal a strong correlation, i.e., an increase in(More)
Carbon corrosion is a severe issue limiting the long-term stability of carbon-supported catalysts, in particular in the highly dynamic conditions of automotive applications. (Doped) oxides have been discussed as suitable alternatives to replace carbon, but often suffer from poor electron conductivity. That is why non-oxide ceramics, such as tungsten carbide(More)
  • F. Tummon, B. Hassler, +16 authors C. Roth
  • 2015
In the framework of the SI2N (SPARC (Stratosphere-troposphere Processes And their Role in Climate)/IO 3 C (International Ozone Commission)/IGACO-O3 (Integrated Global Atmospheric Chemistry Observations – Ozone)/NDACC (Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change)) initiative, several long-term vertically resolved merged ozone data sets(More)
Bacteroides vulgatus is a member of the human microbiota whose abundance is increased in patients with Crohn's disease. We show that a B. vulgatus glycoside hydrolase from the carbohydrate active enzyme family GH123, BvGH123, is an N-acetyl-β-galactosaminidase that acts with retention of stereochemistry, and, through a 3-D structure in complex with(More)