Christina R. Lee

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Herein we report that the VEGFR/PDGFR kinase inhibitor sunitinib/SU11248 can accelerate metastatic tumor growth and decrease overall survival in mice receiving short-term therapy in various metastasis assays, including after intravenous injection of tumor cells or after removal of primary orthotopically grown tumors. Acceleration of metastasis was also(More)
The contribution of bone marrow-derived circulating endothelial progenitor cells (CEPs) to tumor angiogenesis has been controversial, primarily because of their low numbers in blood vessels of untreated tumors. We show that treatment of tumor-bearing mice with vascular disrupting agents (VDAs) leads to an acute mobilization of CEPs, which home to the viable(More)
Cancer stem cells (CSC) are predicted to be critical drivers of tumor progression due to their self-renewal capacity and limitless proliferative potential. An emerging area of research suggests that CSC may also support tumor progression by promoting tumor angiogenesis. To investigate how CSC contribute to tumor vascular development, we used an approach(More)
Despite early benefits seen in cancer patients treated with antivascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway-targeted drugs, the clinical benefits obtained in terms of progression-free or overall survival have been more modest than expected. This outcome is, at least in part, due to antiangiogenic drug resistance mechanisms that involve pathways(More)
Cancer patients treated with antiangiogenic multitargeted receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitors show increased levels of plasma VEGF and placental growth factor and decreased levels of soluble VEGF receptor-2, thus implicating these overall changes as a possible class effect of such drugs and raising the possibility of their exploitation as surrogate(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent proangiogenic protein that activates VEGF receptor (VEGFR) tyrosine kinases expressed by vascular endothelial cells. We previously showed that one of these receptors, VEGFR-2, has a truncated soluble form (sVEGFR-2) that can be detected in mouse and human plasma. Because activation of VEGFR-2 plays an(More)
Metronomic antiangiogenic chemotherapy, the prolonged administration of relatively low drug doses, at close regular intervals with no significant breaks, has been mainly studied at the preclinical level using single chemotherapeutic drugs, frequently in combination with a targeted antiangiogenic drug, and almost always evaluated on primary localized tumors.(More)
LESSONS LEARNED Temsirolimus maintenance therapy after docetaxel induction chemotherapyis safe in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer, although biochemical or tumor responses are rare;does not diminish quality of life; anddelays radiological and/or symptomatic progression by approximately 6 months. BACKGROUND No standard therapy is(More)
We compare for the first time, the metastatic aggressiveness of the parental MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line and two luciferase-tagged in vivo-derived and selected pro-metastatic variants (LM2-4/luc⁺ and 164/8-1B/luc⁺ in SCID, NOD-SCID and NOD-SCID-IL-2Rγ(null) (NSG) mice following orthotopic implantation and primary tumour resection. The variants are(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an intrinsically chemotherapy refractory malignancy. Development of effective therapeutic regimens would be facilitated by improved preclinical HCC models. Currently, most models consist of subcutaneous human tumor transplants in immunodeficient mice; however, these do not reproduce the extensive liver disease associated(More)