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BACKGROUND Drug resistance, a process mediated by multiple mechanisms, is a critical determinant for treating lung cancer. The aim of this study is to determine if oleanolic acid (OA), a pentacyclic triterpene present in several plants, is able to circumvent the mechanisms of drug resistance present in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines and to(More)
Fibrosis is the end point of most renal diseases, and several glycosaminoglycans have been shown to attenuate this process. Marine invertebrate glycosaminoglycans with unique structures have opened the possibility to test these new compounds on renal fibrosis. The effect of a fucosylated chondroitin sulfate from an echinoderm marine species is reported with(More)
BACKGROUND Domestic dogs and cats are very well known to develop chronic hepatic diseases, including hepatic lipidosis and cirrhosis. Ultrasonographic examination is extensively used to detect them. However, there are still few reports on the use of the ultrasound B-mode scan in correlation with histological findings to evaluate diffuse hepatic changes in(More)
Malnutrition is a risk factor for infection, compromising immune response. Glutamine (Gln) protects the lungs and distal organs in well-nourished septic and nonseptic conditions; however, no study to date has analyzed the effects of Gln in the presence of sepsis and malnutrition. In the present work, we tested the hypothesis that early therapy with(More)
We investigated the role of autophagy in infection of macrophages by Leishmania amazonensis. Induction of autophagy by IFN-gamma or starvation increased intracellular parasite load and the percentages of infected macrophages from BALB/c but not from C57BL/6 mice. In contrast, starvation did not affect the replication of either Leishmania major or(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiological agent of Chagas disease, is transmitted by bug feces deposited on human skin during a blood meal. However, parasite infection occurs through the wound produced by insect mouthparts. Saliva of the Triatominae bug Rhodnius prolixus is a source of lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC). Here, we tested the role of both triatomine(More)
RATIONALE P2X7 receptors have been involved in inflammatory and immunological responses, and their activation modulates pro-inflammatory cytokines production by LPS-challenged macrophages. OBJECTIVES To determine the role of P2X7R in LPS-induced acute lung injury in mice. METHODS Wild-type (C57BL/6) and P2X7 knockout mice received intratracheal(More)
INTRODUCTION Patients with germline AIP mutations or low AIP protein expression have large, invasive somatotroph adenomas and poor response to somatostatin analogues (SSA). METHODS To study the mechanism of low AIP protein expression 31 sporadic somatotropinomas with low (n = 13) or high (n = 18) AIP protein expression were analyzed for expression of AIP(More)
Cutaneous aging is a complex biological phenomenon, dependent not only on the innate or intrinsic process ("biological clock"), but also on extrinsic elements, primarily chronic sun exposure (photoaging). In order to verify dermal morphological changes in the elastic fiber system and collagen associated with aged skin, we performed a light and electron(More)