Christina M Dart

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Complications associated with equine castration are the most common cause of malpractice claims against equine practitioners in North America. An understanding of the embryological development and surgical anatomy is essential to differentiate abnormal from normal structures and to minimise complications. Castration of the normal horse can be performed(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of a non-occlusive dressing incorporated in a 3-layer bandage on second intention healing of wounds of the distal portion of the limb. STUDY DESIGN Untreated wounds in 33 adult horses used in four studies using the same wound-healing model conducted over 5 years. METHODS Standardised, full-thickness wounds were made in(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of sodium pentosan polysulfate (PPS), N-acetyl glucosamine (NAG), and sodium hyaluronan (HA) in horses with induced osteoarthritis (OA). STUDY DESIGN Experimental. ANIMALS Adult Standard bred horses (n = 16). METHODS OA was induced arthroscopically in 1 intercarpal joint; 8 horses were administered 3 mg/kg PPS, 4.8(More)
Three alpacas that presented with dystocia characterised by failure of the cervix to dilate, underwent caesarean section. Surgery on each animal was performed through a ventral midline incision under general anaesthesia. Two live crias were delivered and one cria was dead at delivery. All three alpacas had retained foetal membranes for a period of 12 h to 4(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of the duration of anaesthesia, position of recumbency, mode of ventilation, anaesthetic drug protocol, patient age and type of surgical procedure on the usefulness of capnometry as a measure of the partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide (P(a)co(2)) during general anaesthesia in horses. DESIGN A prospective study(More)
A 12-week-old female alpaca cria weighing 10 kg presented with a 2-month history of left hindlimb lameness associated with osteomyelitis and sequestration of the shaft and wing of the left ilium. The affected segment of the ilium was surgically removed. Bacteriological culture revealed a small number of mixed aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. The cria(More)
A female breeding alpaca with acute lameness of the left hindleg was diagnosed with a craniodorsal coxofemoral luxation. Repair was achieved using extracapsular stabilisation. Two nylon sutures were passed through a hole drilled in the femoral neck and anchored to the dorsal acetabulum using two screws and two spiked washers. A metal crimp was used to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of manuka honey on second-intention healing of contaminated, full-thickness skin wounds in horses. STUDY DESIGN Experimental. ANIMALS Adult Standardbred horses (n = 8). METHODS One wound was created on the dorsomedial aspect of the third metacarpus in both forelimbs, contaminated with feces, and bandaged for 24 hours.(More)