Christina Lau

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Previous studies (Leadbetter, E.A., I.R. Rifkin, A.H. Hohlbaum, B. Beaudette, M.J. Shlomchik, and A. Marshak-Rothstein. 2002. Nature. 416:603-607; Viglianti, G.A., C.M. Lau, T.M. Hanley, B.A. Miko, M.J. Shlomchik, and A. Marshak-Rothstein. 2003. Immunity. 19:837-847) established the unique capacity of DNA and DNA-associated autoantigens to activate(More)
The proliferative response of autoreactive rheumatoid factor (RF) B cells to mammalian chromatin-containing immune complexes (ICs) results from the sequential engagement of the B cell receptor (BCR) and Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9). We have used ICs constructed from anti-hapten antibodies and defined haptenated dsDNA fragments to determine the form of(More)
Human viral infections such as HIV and EBV typically evoke a strong and diverse CD8(+) T cell response. Relatively little is known about the extent to which TCR repertoire evolution occurs during viral infection or how repertoire evolution affects the efficacy of the CD8(+) T cell response. In this study we describe a general approach for tracking TCR(More)
We have previously shown that rheumatoid factors produced by Fas-deficient autoimmune-prone mice typically bind autologous IgG2a with remarkably low affinity. Nevertheless, B cells representative of this rheumatoid factor population proliferate vigorously in response to IgG2a/chromatin immune complexes through a mechanism dependent on the sequential(More)
Synthetic single-stranded oligodeoxynucleotides (15-30 bp) containing CpG motifs and phosphorothioate backbones (CpG s-ODN), immune complexes consisting of anti-nucleosome mAbs and mammalian chromatin (chromatin IC), and immune complexes consisting of anti-hapten mAbs and haptenated-double stranded DNA fragments ( approximately 600 bp) can all effectively(More)
AM14 B cells are a prototype for those low affinity autoreactive B cells that routinely mature as naïve cells in peripheral lymphoid tissues. These cells express a transgene-encoded receptor specific for IgG2a and can be effectively activated by immune complexes that incorporate either mammalian DNA or mammalian RNA that has been released from dead or dying(More)
During space missions, such as the prospective Mars mission, crew labor time is a strictly limited resource. The diet for such a mission (based on crops grown in a bioregenerative life support system) will require astronauts to prepare their meals essentially from raw ingredients. Time spent on food processing and preparation is time lost for other(More)
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