Christina Lang

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Phospholipases are a diverse class of enzymes produced both by eukaryotic hosts and their pathogens. Major insights into action pathways of bacterial phospholipases have been provided during the last years. On the one hand bacterial phospholipases act as potent membrane destructors and on the other hand they manipulate and initiate host signalling paths,(More)
The so far highest number of life-threatening hemolytic uremic syndrome was associated with a food-borne outbreak in 2011 in Germany which was caused by an enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) of the rare serotype O104:H4. Most importantly, the outbreak strain harbored genes characteristic of both EHEC and enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC). Such strains(More)
We report an ongoing, protracted and geographically dispersed outbreak of haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) and gastroenteritis in Germany, involving 30 cases since December 2016. The outbreak was caused by the sorbitol-fermenting immotile variant of Shiga toxin-producing (STEC) Escherichia coli O157. Molecular typing revealed close relatedness between(More)
Carriage of the TNF -308 A allele (rs1800629 A) has been associated with increased serum TNF-alpha levels, the development of sepsis syndrome, and fatal outcome, in severely traumatized patients (Menges et al., 2008 [1]). Herein, we analysed the putative allelic imbalance of TNF-alpha release from myeloid cells. Circulating peripheral blood cells from(More)
The intracellularly replicating lung pathogen Legionella pneumophila consists of an extraordinary variety of phospholipases, including at least 15 different phospholipases A (PLA). Among them, PlaB, the first characterized member of a novel lipase family, is a hemolytic virulence factor that exhibits the most prominent PLA activity in L. pneumophila. We(More)
Enzymes secreted by Legionella pneumophila, such as phospholipases A (PLAs) and glycerophospholipid:cholesterol acyltransferases (GCATs), may target host cell lipids and therefore contribute to the establishment of Legionnaires disease. L. pneumophila possesses three proteins, PlaA, PlaC, and PlaD, belonging to the GDSL family of lipases/acyltransferases.(More)
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