Christina Kunz

Learn More
Treatment of Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT or sleeping sickness) relies on a few drugs which are old, toxic and expensive. The most important drug for the treatment of second stage infection is melarsoprol. During the last 50 years treatment failures with melarsoprol were not a major problem in Trypanosoma brucei gambiense patients. Commonly a relapse(More)
Several dipteran insects are vectors of parasites causing major human infectious diseases. Among these, the tsetse fly, Glossina spp., is responsible for the transmission of trypanosomes, the pathogens responsible for sleeping sickness in Africa. A better understanding of insect-parasite interactions will help establish new strategies to fight this(More)
There have been major advances in the formulation of cryomedia for spermatozoa owing to their economic importance. In this study, the suitability of the commercial cryomedium Triladyl developed for bull semen was evaluated for the cryopreservation of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense. Cryopreservation efficacy was determined by direct counting of motile(More)
Drug sensitivities of seven Trypanosoma b. gambiense isolates from patients in the Ivory Coast were measured for Mel B, suramin and lomidine using an in vitro incorporation test. Bloodstream forms were isolated from Mastomys natalensis, incubated in serial drug dilutions in a microtiter plate, after 24 h, radiolabeled hypoxanthine was added, and the plate(More)
An in vitro test has been developed to determine drug sensitivities of bloodstream trypomastigotes of Trypanosoma (T.) brucei isolates. The incorporation of [14C]leucine, [3H]thymidine and [3H]hypoxanthine into bloodstream forms in vitro was compared and different sensitivity test procedures with trypanocidal drugs were evaluated. Bloodstream forms were(More)
This study aimed at isolating Trypanosoma brucei gambiense from human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) patients from south Sudan. Fifty HAT patients identified during active screening surveys were recruited, most of whom (49/50) were in second-stage disease. Blood and cerebrospinal fluid samples collected from the patients were cryopreserved using Triladyl as(More)
African animal trypanosomosis (AAT) is caused by the tsetse fly-transmitted protozoans Trypanosoma congolense and T. vivax and leads to huge agricultural losses throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Three drugs are available to treat nagana in cattle (diminazene diaceturate, homidium chloride, and isometamidium chloride). With increasing reports of drug-resistant(More)
  • 1