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Epidermal growth factor (EGF) responsive neural progenitors are defined by clonal growth from single cells. In previous studies we were unable to obtain clones at single cell densities using trypsinized cells and trituration alone always gave cellular aggregates. Here we report on single cell derived clones using a technique involving trituration of EGF(More)
OBJECTIVE Subsetting of Hoechst 33342 dull (Ho(dull)) hematopoietic stem cells on the basis of rhodamine 123 (Rh) efflux utilizing an improved dual-dye efflux strategy resolves Ho(dull)/Rh(dull) stem cell subsets that differ with regard to their rate of recruitment and progression through the cell cycle upon exposure to cytokines. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
The hematopoietic stem cell population, lineage negative-Sca positive (HSC), displays a homing defect into bone marrow (BM) after 48-h exposure to interleukin (IL)-3, IL-6, IL-11, and steel factor [J. Hematother. Stem Cell Res. 11 (2002) 913]. Cytokine treatment of murine marrow leads to reversible alterations in adhesion protein expression, which may(More)
Circadian rhythms exist for hematopoiesis, but little is known about circadian variation of bone marrow engraftability and host "acceptability". Using a B6.SJL to C57BL/6J congenic transplant model, we chose 3-times with light on: Hours After Light Onset (HALO) 4, 8, and 12 and 3-times with light off: HALO 16, 20, and 24. The mice were conditioned on a 12-h(More)
Haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) have been extensively characterized regarding in vivo engraftment, surface epitopes and genetic regulation. However, little is known about the homing of these rare cells, and their intrinsic motility and membrane deformation capacity. We used high-speed optical-sectioning microscopy and inverted fluorescent videomicroscopy(More)
We studied the genetic and engraftment phenotype of highly purified murine hematopoietic stem cells (lineage negative, rhodamine-low, Hoechst-low) through cytokine-stimulated cell cycle. Cells were cultured in interleukin (IL)-3, IL-6, IL-11, and steel factor for 0 to 48 h and tested for engraftment capacity in a lethally irradiated murine competitive(More)
High levels of chimerism in syngeneic BALB/c transplants were reported when hosts were exposed to 1 Gy (100 cGy) whole body irradiation (WBI) and infused with 40 x 10(6) marrow cells. The recovery of host stem cells and alterations of enhanced host engraftability at varying times after 1 Gy WBI have now been evaluated in this study. Male BALB/c marrow (40 x(More)
This study was designed to establish a direct homing assay using purified lineage-negative Sca-1-positive (Lin(-) Sca(+)) murine bone marrow cells and to evaluate the effects of cytokines on homing. C57BL/6 Lin(-) Sca(+) marrow stem cells were labeled with 5-(and 6)-carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester (CFDA-SE) and then injected by tail vein(More)
Stem cells from a variety of tissues have recently been shown to be capable of differentiating into cells characteristic of a separate tissue, apparently in response to microenvironmental signals. This is hierarchical plasticity. We have shown that both human and murine neurosphere cells with potential for differentiating into neurons, oligodendrocytes, and(More)
Studies using chronic in vivo BrdU exposure, isolating primitive stem cells, and determining BrdU labeling, indicate that stem cells cycle. BrdU is also incorporated into DNA during damage/repair. DNA, which has incorporated BrdU due to cycle transit is heavier than normal, while the density of DNA with damage/repair incorporation is intermediate. DNA(More)