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BACKGROUND Human multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) can be isolated from various tissues including bone marrow. Here, MSC participate as bone lining cells in the formation of the hematopoietic stem cell niche. In this compartment, the oxygen tension is low and oxygen partial pressure is estimated to range from 1% to 7%. We analyzed the effect of(More)
Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have immunomodulatory effects. The aim of this study was to demonstrate safety and feasibility of MSC transfusion in pediatric patients who had undergone allogeneic stem cell transplantation from MMFD, MUD, MMUD and MSD. Patients with posttransplant complications based on deregulated immune effector cells who may(More)
Osteonecrosis is a frequent complication after treatment for childhood leukemia and other steroid-based therapies. The success rate of core decompression surgery is limited. Therefore, we evaluated relevant biological characteristics of human multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in vitro. MSCs cultured under low-oxygen tensions showed decreased(More)
BACKGROUND Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have become important tools in regenerative and transplantation medicine. Rapidly increasing numbers of patients are receiving in vitro-expanded MSC. Culture conditions typically include FSC because human serum does not fully support growth of human MSC in vitro (MSC(FCS)). Concerns regarding BSE, other(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) represent a mixture of different cell types, of which only a minority is therapeutically relevant. Surface markers specifically identifying non-differentiated MSC from their differentiated progeny have not been described in sufficient detail. We here compare the gene expression profile of the in vivo bone-forming bone(More)
Targeting constitutively activated FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 [(FLT3); FLT3-ITD] with tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) leads to clearance of blasts in the periphery but not in the bone marrow, suggesting a protective effect of the marrow niche on leukemic stem cells. In this study, we examined the effect of stromal niche cells(More)
Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) play an important role in stromal support for hematopoietic stem cells, immune modulation, and tissue regeneration. We investigated their potential as cellular therapeutic tools in neurometabolic diseases as a growing number of affected children undergo to bone marrow transplantation. MSCs were isolated from bone(More)
OBJECTIVES The present study investigated endogenous postprandial release of cholecystokinin (CCK) and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) in relation to gallbladder dynamics in healthy subjects and patients with gallstones. METHODS Gallbladder volume (by ultrasonography) and plasma concentrations of CCK and PP (by radioimmunoassay) were evaluated in 18 patients(More)
Postprandial gastric emptying and gallbladder contraction were assessed in 14 healthy subjects by means of ultrasonography after oral administration of a semi-liquid test meal (250 ml, 1450 kJ). For this purpose, cross-sectional areas of the gastric antrum and gallbladder volume were calculated and recorded over a period of 120 minutes using an(More)
Targeting constitutively activated FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 [(FLT3); FLT3-ITD] with tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) leads to clearance of blasts in the periphery but not in the bone marrow, suggesting a protective effect of the marrow niche on leukemic stem cells. In this study, we examined the effect of stromal niche cells(More)