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Patients suffering from recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB), a hereditary blistering disease of epithelia, show susceptibility to develop highly aggressive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Tumors metastasize early and are associated with mortality in the 30th–40th years of life in this patient group. So far, no adequate therapy is available for(More)
Functional defects in type VII collagen, caused by premature termination codons on both alleles of the COL7A1 gene, are responsible for the severe autosomal recessive types of the skin blistering disease, recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB). The full-length COL7A1 complementary DNA (cDNA) is about 9 kb, a size that is hardly accommodated by(More)
Spliceosome-mediated RNA trans-splicing has become an emergent tool for the repair of mutated pre-mRNAs in the treatment of genetic diseases. RNA trans-splicing molecules (RTMs) are designed to induce a specific trans-splicing reaction via a binding domain for a respective target pre-mRNA region. A previously established reporter-based screening system(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoallergenic immunotherapy of type I allergies aims at inducing T-cell immunity while avoiding cross-linking of pre-existing IgE. DNA-based immunotherapy depends on the recruitment of antigen-specific T(H)1 cells and therefore has to provide the whole repertoire of T-cell epitopes. Ubiquitination offers a general approach for the production of(More)
INTRODUCTION Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guidelines recommend limiting interruptions of chest compressions because prolonged hands-off (i.e., non-compression) time compromises tissue perfusion. 2010 European Resuscitation Council guidelines suggest that chest compressions should be paused less than 10 s during airway device insertion. METHODS With(More)
Trans-splicing is a powerful approach to reprogram the genome. It can be used to replace 5', 3' or internal exons. The latter approach has been characterized by low efficiency, as the requirements to promote internal trans-splicing are largely uncharacterized. The trans-splicing process is induced by engineered 'RNA trans-splicing molecules' (RTMs), which(More)
Targeting tumor marker genes by RNA trans-splicing is a promising means to induce tumor cell-specific death. Using a screening system we designed RNA trans-splicing molecules (RTM) specifically binding the pre-mRNA of SLCO1B3, a marker gene in epidermolysis bullosa associated squamous cell carcinoma (EB-SCC). Specific trans-splicing, results in the fusion(More)
BACKGROUND Recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB) is a hereditary skin disorder characterized by mechanical fragility of the skin, resulting in blistering and chronic wounds. The causative mutations lie in the COL7A1 gene. Patients suffering from RDEB have a high risk to develop aggressive, rapidly metastasizing squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs).(More)
Gene gun immunization has been associated with the induction of a heterologous type of immune response characterized by a T(H)1-like immune reaction on the cellular level, i.e. generation of IFN-gamma secreting CD8(+) T-cells, yet a T(H)2 biased serology as indicated by high IgG1:IgG2a ratios and induction of IgE. Nevertheless, gene gun immunization using(More)
The aging process of skin has been investigated recently with respect to mitochondrial function and oxidative stress. We have here observed striking phenotypic and clinical similarity between skin aging and recessive dystrophic Epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB), which is caused by recessive mutations in the gene coding for collagen VII,COL7A1. Ultrastructural(More)