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A polyclonal antibody was generated using synthetic peptides designed in a specific sequence of the rat D(3) receptor (D(3)R). Using transfected cells expressing recombinant D(3)R, but not D(2) receptor, this antibody labeled 45-80 kDa species in Western blot analysis, immunoprecipitated a soluble fraction of [(125)I]iodosulpride binding, and generated(More)
Tyr-Gly-Gly (YGG) was recently shown to be an extraneuronal metabolite of opioid peptides derived from proenkephalin A, formed in brain by the action of "enkephalinase" (membrane metalloendopeptidase, EC 3.4.24.11) and degraded by aminopeptidases. The dynamic state of YGG in mouse striatum was studied by evaluating the changes in its level elicited by(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and enkephalinase, two cell surface metallopeptidases, are responsible for angiotensin II formation and atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) degradation, respectively, and thereby play a critical role in the metabolism of hormonal peptides exerting essentially opposite actions in cardiovascular regulations. To affect(More)
We examined the acute effects of sinorphan, an inhibitor of enkephalinase, on plasma atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and urinary sodium excretion in cirrhotic patients with ascites. A single oral dose of sinorphan (100 or 30 mg in 11 and 5 patients, respectively) was administered against placebo according to a double blind cross-over protocol. Basal plasma(More)
Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) might be beneficial in several cardiovascular disorders, but its poor oral absorption and rapid inactivation in vivo have so far prevented its use in therapeutics. We have assessed the role of enkephalinase (membrane metallo-endopeptidase, EC 3.4.24.11) in the in vivo inactivation of ANF in mice and healthy human volunteers(More)
The localization of two enkephalin-hydrolysing aminopeptidases i.e. aminopeptidase M (aminopeptidase N, EC 3.4.11.2) relatively insensitive to puromycin (Ki = 78 microM), and a puromycin-sensitive aminopeptidase (Ki = 1 microM) was studied in rat brain. The two aminopeptidases were differentially identified and/or localized using polyclonal(More)
1. The acute effects of a single oral dose of sinorphan (100 mg), an inhibitor of neutral endopeptidase, on the plasma atrial natriuretic factor level and the fractional excretion of sodium were examined in 12 patients with severe chronic renal failure who were not on maintenance haemodialysis and who ingested a normal sodium diet. The drug was administered(More)
The relationships between various properties of inhibitors of enkephalinase (membrane metalloendopeptidase, EC 3.4.24.11) i.e., enzyme inhibition, protection of endogenous enkephalins, antinociceptive activity and stimulation of locomotor activity was investigated by comparing the relative potencies of the two enantiomers of Thiorphan and acetorphan, its(More)
We compared the relative potencies of sinorphan and retorphan, the S- and R-enantiomers of acetorphan a potent inhibitor of enkephalinase (EC 3.4.34.11), to inhibit membrane metalloendopeptidase in vivo and to protect exogenous and endogenous ANF after oral administration. In mice, sinorphan was 2-3 fold as potent as retorphan in inhibiting the specific in(More)
The aim of the study was to compare, in a rat model of congestive heart failure, the effect of captopril, a selective angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE; EC 3.4.15.1) inhibitor, to that of alatriopril, a mixed inhibitor of ACE and atriopeptidase (EC 3.4.24.11), an enzyme implicated in the degradation of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF). Myocardial infarction(More)