Christina Fischer

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BACKGROUND There are 500,000 cases per year of visceral leishmaniasis, which occurs primarily in the Indian subcontinent. Almost all untreated patients die, and all the effective agents have been parenteral. Miltefosine is an oral agent that has been shown in small numbers of patients to have a favorable therapeutic index for Indian visceral leishmaniasis.(More)
During the last 50 years, agricultural intensification has caused many wild plant and animal species to go extinct regionally or nationally and has profoundly changed the functioning of agro-ecosystems. Agricultural intensification has many components, such as loss of landscape elements, enlarged farm and field sizes and larger inputs of fertilizer and(More)
BACKGROUND There is no effective orally administered medication for any leishmania infection. We investigated miltefosine, which can be taken orally, for the treatment of Indian visceral leishmaniasis. Miltefosine is a phosphocholine analogue that affects cell-signaling pathways and membrane synthesis. METHODS The study was an open-label, multicenter,(More)
A total of 54 Indian patients with visceral leishmaniasis were treated with oral miltefosine, 50 mg given twice daily, for 14 days (18 patients; group A), 21 days (18; group B), or 28 days (18; group C). Cure was achieved in 89% of group A, 100% of group B, and 100% of group C. Adverse reactions were self-limited and primarily mild. The 21-day miltefosine(More)
There is no recognized oral treatment for American cutaneous leishmaniasis. A rising-dose, open-label phase I/II trial of the oral agent miltefosine against Colombian cutaneous leishmaniasis was conducted. Seventy-two male Colombian soldiers (mean weight, 67 kg) received miltefosine at 50-100 mg/day for 3 weeks (for 32 evaluable patients) or at 133-150(More)
BACKGROUND The prognostic value of heart rate variability in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is limited and does not contribute to risk stratification although the dynamics of ventricular repolarization differs considerably between DCM patients and healthy subjects. Neither linear nor nonlinear methods of heart rate variability analysis could(More)
The main function of the bacterial phosphotransferase system is to transport and to phosphorylate mono- and disaccharides as well as sugar alcohols. However, the phosphotransferase system is also involved in regulation of carbon metabolism. In Grampositive bacteria, it is implicated in carbon catabolite repression and regulation of expression of catabolic(More)
Response of ground-nesting farmland birds to agricultural intensification across Europe: Landscape and field level management factors Irene Guerrero a,⇑, Manuel B. Morales , Juan J. Oñate , Flavia Geiger , Frank Berendse , Geert de Snoo , Sönke Eggers , Tomas Pärt , Jan Bengtsson , Lars W. Clement , Wolfgang W. Weisser , Adam Olszewski , Piotr Ceryngier ,(More)
In a recent project, we collected the transcriptional profiles of Bacillus subtilis 168 after treatment with a large set of diverse antibacterial agents. One result of the data analysis was the identification of marker genes that are indicative of certain compounds or compound classes. We cloned these promoter regions in front of a luciferase reporter gene(More)
Effects of agricultural intensification (AI) on biodiversity are often assessed on the plot scale, although processes determining diversity also operate on larger spatial scales. Here, we analyzed the diversity of vascular plants, carabid beetles, and birds in agricultural landscapes in cereal crop fields at the field (n = 1350), farm (n = 270), and(More)