Christina E Arnold

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Macrophages respond to their microenvironment and develop polarized functions critical for orchestrating appropriate inflammatory responses. Classical (M1) activation eliminates pathogens while alternative (M2) activation promotes regulation and repair. M1 macrophage activation is strongly associated with suppressor of cytokine signalling 3 (SOCS3)(More)
Physical aspects of the laboratory environment, such as type of cage or bedding, are often ignored by investigators but may be quite important for the animals. We examined whether golden hamsters preferred living in wire mesh floored, stainless steel cages or solid floored, plastic cages with corn-cob litter. Forty hamsters of 2 ages were housed in wire or(More)
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