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Stable HIV-1 replication requires the DNA repair of the integration locus catalyzed by cellular factors. The human RAD51 (hRAD51) protein plays a major role in homologous recombination (HR) DNA repair and was previously shown to interact with HIV-1 integrase (IN) and inhibit its activity. Here we determined the molecular mechanism of inhibition of IN. Our(More)
We report herein the synthesis of a series of fifteen 2-hydroxyisoquinoline-1,3(2H,4H)-dione derivatives. Alkyl and arylalkyl groups were introduced on position 4 of the basis scaffold. All the compounds presented poor inhibitory properties against HIV-1 reverse transcriptase ribonuclease H (RNase H). Four compounds inhibited HIV-1 integrase at a low(More)
The oligomeric state of active human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase (IN) has not been clearly elucidated. We analyzed the activity of the different purified oligomeric forms of recombinant IN obtained after stabilization by platinum crosslinking. The crosslinked tetramer isolated by gel chromatography was able to catalyze the full-site(More)
The DNA polymerase of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase (HIV-1 RT) is a target widely used to inhibit HIV-1 replication. In contrast, very few inhibitors of the RNase H activity associated with RT have been described, despite the crucial role played by this activity in viral proliferation. DNA ligands with a high affinity for the(More)
The integration of proviral DNA into the genome of the host cell is an essential step in the replication of retroviruses. This reaction is catalyzed by a viral-encoded enzyme, the integrase (IN). We have previously shown that human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) IN causes a lethal effect when expressed in yeast cells. This system, called yeast lethal(More)
HIV-1 integrase (IN) catalyses integration of a DNA copy of the viral genome into the host genome. Specific interactions between retroviral IN and long terminal repeats (LTR) are required for this insertion. To characterize quantitatively the influence of the determinants of DNA substrate specificity on the oligomerization status of IN, we used the(More)
Integration of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) proviral DNA in the nuclear genome is catalyzed by the retroviral integrase (IN). In addition to IN, viral and cellular proteins associated in the high-molecular-weight preintegration complex have been suggested to be involved in this process. In an attempt to define host factors interacting with(More)
2-Hydroxyisoquinoline-1,3(2H,4H)-dione was recently discovered as a scaffold for the inhibition of HIV-1 integrase and the ribonuclease H function of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. First, we investigate its interaction with Mg(2+) and Mn(2+) using different spectroscopic techniques and report that 2-hydroxyisoquinoline-1,3(2H,4H)-dione forms a 1:1 complex(More)
A series of 2-hydroxy-1,3-dioxoisoquinoline-4-carboxamides featuring an N-hydroxyimide chelating functionality was evaluated for their inhibitory properties against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 integrase (HIV-1 IN). Several derivatives displayed low nanomolar IC50 values comparable to that of the clinically used raltegravir. A marked effect of one(More)
We report herein further insight into the biological activities displayed by a series of 2-hydroxyisoquinoline-1,3(2H,4H)-diones (HIDs). Substitution of the N-hydroxyimide two-metal binding pharmacophore at position 4 by carboxamido side chains was previously shown by us to be fruitful for this scaffold, since strong human immunodeficiency virus type 1(More)