Christina Brantley

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In this paper, we demonstrate that the the bandwidth of the supercontinuum spectrum generated in a large mode area sapphire fiber can be enhanced by employing triple pumping sources. Three pumping sources with wavelengths of 784 nm, 1290 nm, and 2000 nm are launched into a single crystal sapphire fiber that is 5 cm in length and has a core diameter of 115(More)
excitations Yaohui Gao, Meng-Ku Chen, Chia-En Yang, Yun-Ching Chang, Stuart Yin, Rongqing Hui, Paul Ruffin, Christina Brantley, Eugene Edwards, and Claire Luo Department of Electrical Engineering, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, The University of Kansas, Lawrence,(More)
In this paper, an investigation on broadband IR supercontinuum generation in single crystal sapphire fibers is presented. It is experimentally demonstrated that broadband IR supercontinuum spectrum (up to 3.2microm) can be achieved by launching ultra-short femtosecond laser pulses into single crystal sapphire fiber with a dimension 115microm in diameter and(More)
Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) were developed in 2009 and have led to a number of significant improvements in clean energy technology. The power conversion efficiency (PCE) of PSCs has increased exponentially and currently stands at 22%. PSCs are transforming photovoltaic (PV) technology, outpacing many established PV technologies through their versatility(More)
We have previously described a mutant strain of Escherichia coli (2S142) which shows a specific inhibition of stable RNA synthesis at 42 degrees C. The temperature-sensitive lesion mimics a carbon source downshift (diauxie lag). We therefore measured RNA synthesis and levels of ppGpp (guanosine 5'-diphosphate 3'-diphosphate) on a number of different carbon(More)
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