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BACKGROUND Adherence to a Mediterranean diet may improve longevity, but relevant data are limited. METHODS We conducted a population-based, prospective investigation involving 22,043 adults in Greece who completed an extensive, validated, food-frequency questionnaire at base line. Adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet was assessed by a 10-point(More)
PURPOSE Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) has been associated recently with the use of pamidronate and zoledronic acid. We studied the incidence, characteristics, and risk factors for the development of ONJ among patients treated with bisphosphonates for bone metastases. PATIENTS AND METHODS ONJ was assessed prospectively since July 2003. The first(More)
Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) has been associated with the use of pamidronate and zoledronic acid. ONJ was assessed prospectively since July 2003 in 202 patients with multiple myeloma (MM) who received bisphosphonates since April 1995. Fifteen patients (7.4%) developed ONJ. The median time of exposure to bisphosphonates was 39 months for patients with ONJ(More)
BACKGROUND Ambient air pollution is suspected to cause lung cancer. We aimed to assess the association between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and lung cancer incidence in European populations. METHODS This prospective analysis of data obtained by the European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects used data from 17 cohort studies based in(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have relied predominantly on the body-mass index (BMI, the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters) to assess the association of adiposity with the risk of death, but few have examined whether the distribution of body fat contributes to the prediction of death. METHODS We examined the association of(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether adherence to the modified Mediterranean diet, in which unsaturates were substituted for monounsaturates, is associated with longer life expectancy among elderly Europeans. DESIGN Multicentre, prospective cohort study. SETTING Nine European countries (Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relative importance of the individual components of the Mediterranean diet in generating the inverse association of increased adherence to this diet and overall mortality. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Greek segment of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and nutrition (EPIC). PARTICIPANTS 23 349(More)
BACKGROUND Case-control studies suggest that patients with allergic diseases have a lower risk of developing glioma but not meningioma or schwannoma. However, those data can be differentially biased. Prospective studies with objective measurements of immunologic biomarkers, like immunoglobulin E (IgE), in blood obtained before cancer diagnosis could help to(More)
There is convincing evidence for a decreased risk of breast cancer with increased physical activity. Uncertainties remain, however, about the role of different types of physical activity on breast cancer risk and the potential effect modification for these associations. We used data from 218,169 premenopausal and postmenopausal women from nine European(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate prediction of outcome for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients receiving targeted therapy is essential. Most of the available models have been developed in patients treated with cytokines, while most of them are fairly complex, including at least five factors. We developed and externally validated a simple model for overall(More)