Christina A. Muirhead

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This paper describes a new approach to modeling population structure for genes under strong balancing selection of the type seen in plant self-incompatibility systems and the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) system of vertebrates. Simple analytic solutions for the number of alleles maintained at equilibrium and the expected proportion of alleles(More)
Partial asexual reproduction was introduced into a model of inbreeding depression due to nearly recessive lethal mutations in a partially selfing population. The frequencies of asexuality, selfing, and outcrossing were either constant or occurred in cycles of a single sexual generation followed by one or more asexual generations. We found that increasing(More)
Secondary contact between divergent populations or incipient species may result in the exchange and introgression of genomic material. We develop a simple DNA sequence measure, called Gmin, which is designed to identify genomic regions experiencing introgression in a secondary contact model. Gmin is defined as the ratio of the minimum between-population(More)
The evolution of heteromorphic sex chromosomes has repeatedly resulted in the evolution of sex chromosome-specific forms of regulation, including sex chromosome dosage compensation in the soma and meiotic sex chromosome inactivation in the germline. In the male germline of Drosophila melanogaster, a novel but poorly understood form of sex(More)
Trans-species polymorphism, meaning the presence of alleles in different species that are more similar to each other than they are to alleles in the same species, has been found at loci associated with vegetative incompatibility in filamentous fungi. If individuals differ at one or more of these loci (termed het for heterokaryon), they cannot form stable(More)
A method is proposed for estimating the intensity of overdominant selection scaled by the effective population size, S = 2Ns, from allele frequencies. The method is based on the assumption that, with strong overdominant selection, allele frequencies are nearly at their deterministic equilibrium values and that, to a first approximation, deviations depend(More)
Under allopatric speciation, geographic barriers eliminate gene flow between eventual species at all loci in the genome simultaneously. There is increasing evidence, however, that speciation can be complex, with some loci experiencing gene flow during speciation or during bouts of secondary contact. In taxa with heteromorphic sex chromosomes-birds,(More)
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