Christina A Johnson

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Group V secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) rather than Group IIA sPLA2 is involved in short term, immediate arachidonic acid mobilization and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production in the macrophage-like cell line P388D1. When a new clone of these cells, P388D1/MAB, selected on the basis of high responsivity to lipopolysaccharide plus platelet-activating(More)
Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) constitutes a diverse superfamily of enzymes which catalyze the deacylation of phospholipids. At least four types of PLA2 are potentially involved in arachidonic acid release in cells and tissues. Since all of them catalyze the same enzymatic reaction, it is difficult to distinguish between them in mixtures of enzymes normally(More)
When exposed for prolonged periods of time (up to 20 h) to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) murine P388D(1) macrophages exhibit a delayed prostaglandin biosynthetic response that is entirely mediated by cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Both the constitutive Group IV cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)) and the inducible Group V secretory phospholipase A(2)(More)
Lysophospholipases are critical enzymes that act on biological membranes to regulate the multifunctional lysophospholipids; increased levels of lysophospholipids are associated with a host of diseases. Herein we report the cDNA cloning of a human brain 25 kDa lysophospholipid-specific lysophospholipase (hLysoPLA). The enzyme (at both mRNA and protein(More)
Two variants of a genetic deficiency of complement protein C2 (C2D) have been previously identified. No C2 protein translation is detected in type I deficiency, while type II deficiency is characterized by a selective block in C2 secretion. Type I C2 deficiency was described in a family in which the C2 null allele (C2Q0) is associated with the major(More)
Hydroxyurea (HU) is an S-phase-specific cytotoxic drug used in the clinical treatment of haematological malignancies. HU treatment has been shown to lead to accumulation of short DNA fragments which show direct correlation with cytotoxicity. Specific regular DNA fragmentation is a biochemical feature of apoptosis (programmed cell death) in some systems. We(More)
Murine P388D(1) macrophages exhibit a delayed prostaglandin biosynthetic response when exposed to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for prolonged periods of time that is dependent on induction of the genes coding for Group V secretory phospholipase A(2) and cyclooxygenase-2. We herein report that LPS-induced arachidonic acid (AA) metabolite release in(More)
In man, the relative concentrations of a-amino nitrogen in tungstic acid filtrates of erythrocytes and plasma have been determined by Hamilton and Van Slyke, using the ninhydrin method (2). Dunn et al. (3) reported assays of free tryptophan in blood serum, plasma, and red blood cells by microbiological means with Lactobacillus arabinosus. More recently,(More)
Prostaglandins are known to play a key role in the initiation of labor in humans, but the mechanisms governing their synthesis in amnion are largely unknown. In this study, we have examined the regulatory pathways for prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) production during protein kinase C-dependent activation of human WISH cells. In these cells, PGE(2) synthesis(More)
Lysophospholipases play essential roles in keeping their multi-functional substrates, the lysophospholipids, at safe levels. Recently, a 25 kDa human lysophospholipase A (hLysoPLA I) that is highly conserved among rat, mouse, human and rabbit has been cloned, expressed and characterized and appears to hydrolyze only lysophospholipids among the various lipid(More)