Christin Keller

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Immunoproteasomes are considered to be optimised to process Ags and to alter the peptide repertoire by generating a qualitatively different set of MHC class I epitopes. Whether the immunoproteasome at the biochemical level, influence the quality rather than the quantity of the immuno-genic peptide pool is still unclear. Here, we quantified the cleavage-site(More)
Aging induces alterations of tissue protein homoeostasis. To investigate one of the major systems catalysing intracellular protein degradation we have purified 20S proteasomes from rat liver of young (2 months) and aged (23 months) animals and separated them into three subpopulations containing different types of intermediate proteasomes with standard- and(More)
The immunodominant MART-1(26(27)-35) epitope, liberated from the differentiation antigen melanoma antigen recognized by T cells/melanoma antigen A (MART-1/Melan-A), has been frequently targeted in melanoma immunotherapy, but with limited clinical success. Previous studies suggested that this is in part due to an insufficient peptide supply and epitope(More)
Proteasome-catalyzed peptide splicing (PCPS) represents an additional activity of mammalian 20S proteasomes recently identified in connection with antigen presentation. We show here that PCPS is not restricted to mammalians but that it is also a feature of yeast 20S proteasomes catalyzed by all three active site β subunits. No major differences in splicing(More)
The identification of proteasome-generated spliced peptides (PSP) revealed a new unpredicted activity of the major cellular protease. However, so far characterization of PSP was entirely dependent on the availability of patient-derived cytotoxic CD8+ T lymphocytes (CTL) thus preventing a systematic investigation of proteasome-catalyzed peptide splicing(More)
Proteasomes are known to be the main suppliers of MHC class I (MHC-I) ligands. In an attempt to identify coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3)-MHC-I epitopes, a combined approach of in silico MHC-I/transporters associated with antigen processing (TAP)-binding and proteasomal cleavage prediction was applied. Accordingly, 13 potential epitopes originating from the(More)
The proteasome is the core of the ubiquitin-proteasome system and is involved in synaptic protein metabolism. The incorporation of three inducible immuno-subunits into the proteasome results in the generation of the so-called immunoproteasome, which is endowed of pathophysiological functions related to immunity and inflammation. In healthy human brain, the(More)
BACKGROUND The 20S proteasome is the proteolytic core of the major intracellular protein degradative system, the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Since little is known about proteasomes of human liver, we have investigated the proteasome spectrum in adult human liver. MATERIAL AND METHODS 20S proteasomes were chromatographically purified from adult human(More)
Proteolysis is the general term to describe the process of protein degradation into peptides. Proteasomes are the main actors in cellular proteolysis, and their activity can be measured in in vitro digestion experiments. However, in vivo proteolysis can be different than what is measured in these experiments if other proteases participate or if proteasomal(More)
Proteasome-catalyzed peptide splicing represents an additional catalytic activity of proteasomes contributing to the pool of MHC-class I-presented epitopes. We here biochemically and functionally characterized a new melanoma gp100 derived spliced epitope. We demonstrate that the gp100(mel)47-52/40-42 antigenic peptide is generated in vitro and in cellulo by(More)