Christin Gasch

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Circulating tumor cells (CTC) released into blood from primary cancers and metastases reflect the current status of tumor genotypes, which are prone to changes. Here, we conducted the first comprehensive genomic profiling of CTCs using array-comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and next-generation sequencing. We used the U.S. Food and Drug(More)
BACKGROUND Molecular characterization of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) is pivotal to increasing the diagnostic specificity of CTC assays and investigating therapeutic targets and their downstream pathways on CTCs. We focused on epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and genes relevant for its inhibition in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS(More)
The management of metastatic breast cancer needs improvement. As clinical evaluation is not very accurate in determining the progression of disease, the analysis of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) has evolved to a promising noninvasive marker of disease evolution. Indeed, ctDNA was reported to represent a highly sensitive biomarker of metastatic cancer(More)
With the increasing number of available predictive biomarkers, clinical management of cancer is becoming increasingly reliant on the accurate serial monitoring of tumor genotypes. We tested whether tumor-specific copy number changes can be inferred from the peripheral blood of patients with cancer. To this end, we determined the plasma DNA size distribution(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most frequent and aggressive brain tumor in adults. The dogma that GBM spread is restricted to the brain was challenged by reports on extracranial metastases after organ transplantation from GBM donors. We identified circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in peripheral blood (PB) from 29 of 141 (20.6%) GBM patients by(More)
Current imaging technologies do not sufficiently detect micrometastasis and therefore do not allow adequate stratification of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) for curative or systemic therapy. In HCC, presence of stem cell-like, epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM)-positive cells correlates with tumor aggressiveness and formation of(More)
Investigation of the genome of organisms is one of the major basics in molecular biology to understand the complex organization of cells. While genomic DNA can easily be isolated from tissues or cell cultures of plant, animal or human origin, DNA extraction from single cells is still challenging. Here, we describe three techniques for the amplification of(More)
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in the blood of cancer patients are recognized as important potential targets for future anticancer therapies. As mediators of metastatic spread, CTCs are also promising to be used as 'liquid biopsy' to aid clinical decision-making. Recent work has revealed potentially important genotypic and phenotypic heterogeneity within(More)
Modern technologies enable detection and characterization of circulating tumor cells (CTC) in peripheral blood samples. Thus, CTC have attracted interest as markers for therapeutic response in breast cancer. First studies have incorporated CTC analyses to guide therapeutic interventions and stratification of breast cancer patients. Aim of this study was to(More)
It has recently been suggested that the chemokine receptor (CCR5) is required for bone marrow (BM) derived endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) mediated angiogenesis. Here we show that suppression of either cancer cell produced CCL5, or host CCR5 leads to distinctive vascular and tumor growth defects in breast cancer. Surprisingly, CCR5 restoration in the BM(More)