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1. Denbufylline has been examined for its ability to inhibit cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase isoenzymes from rat cardiac ventricle and cerebrum, as well as for its affinity for adenosine A1 and A2 receptors and the re-uptake site. For comparison, SK&F 94120, theophylline and 3-isobutyl-1-methyl-xanthine (IBMX) were examined as phosphodiesterase(More)
The species dependent variation in the cardiotonic activity of selective cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) isoenzyme inhibitors was examined by comparing the inotropic and PDE inhibitory effects of Org 30029 (N-hydroxy-5,6-dimethoxy-benzo[b]thiophene-2-carboximidamide HCl), 3-isobutyl-1-methyl-xanthine (IBMX), milrinone and rolipram in rat and(More)
Since the discovery of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase 30 years ago, there have been major advances in our knowledge of this group of isoenzymes. Five families, each composed of several isoforms and having differing tissue distributions, have been described. David Nicholson and colleagues compare the tissue distribution of phosphodiesterase isoenzymes(More)
There is increasing pressure for neuroscientists to communicate their research and the societal implications of their findings to the public. Communicating science is challenging, and the transformation of communication by digital and interactive media increases the complexity of the challenge. To facilitate dialogue with the public in this new media(More)
1. The effects of selective inhibition of phosphodiesterase activities on the concentration and rate of hydrolysis of adenosine 3':5' cyclic-monophosphate (cyclic AMP) in rat cerebral cortical slices has been studied. 2. Isoprenaline caused a rapid, concentration-dependent increase in cyclic AMP concentration to new steady-state levels (basal: 7.1 +/- 0.7;(More)
The novel alkylxanthine, denbufylline [1,3-di-n-butyl-7-(2-oxopropyl)-xanthine] has been examined, in vitro, for effects on the viscosity of rat whole blood and on the filterability of rat blood cell suspensions. For comparison, pentoxifylline was also examined for rheological activity. Denbufylline reduced the viscosity of whole blood at all shear rates(More)
Peripheral vascular disease is the result of chronic vascular insufficiency. As the vascular insufficiency of the lower limbs progressively deteriorates, the condition progresses from intermittent claudication (pain upon exercise) to pain at rest and gangrene. In very severe cases amputation of the leg may be necessary. Whilst dieting, cessation of smoking(More)
The effect of short-term (1 day-1 week) and long-term (6-12 weeks) femoral artery ligation on the oxygen tension (pO2), blood flow, metabolism and function of rat gastrocnemius muscle has been examined. Femoral artery ligation reduced resting blood flow, pO2 and pH. Concomitantly, the concentration of high energy phosphates was reduced and the muscle(More)
The effect of treadmill physical training (PT) on rat gastrocnemius/plantaris muscle after bilateral femoral artery ligation was investigated. To enable a comparison to be made between the susceptibility of muscles with restricted blood flow and normally perfused skeletal muscle to PT, animals without ligated femoral arteries also underwent PT. PT increased(More)
In this investigation the resting gastrocnemius muscle blood flow of the anaesthetized rat was evaluated using a recently developed laser Doppler flowmeter and the xenon-133 clearance technique. The perfusion of the microvasculature of the muscle was measured in normal control rats and in animals in which the supplying femoral artery had been acutely (1 h-1(More)