Christianna Choulaki

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OBJECTIVE Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pattern-associated receptors in innate immunity that may be involved in the recognition of self antigens and the production of pathogenic autoantibodies. This study was undertaken to examine the expression and function of various TLRs in subpopulations of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE A putative regulatory intronic polymorphism (PD1.3) in the programmed death 1 (PD-1) gene, a negative regulator of T cells involved in peripheral tolerance, is associated with increased risk for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We undertook this study to determine the expression and function of PD-1 in SLE patients. METHODS We genotyped 289(More)
BACKGROUND In systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) sustained CD40L expression by T cells and platelets activates a variety of cells via its receptor CD40 contributing to disease pathogenesis. Although CD40 has recently been identified in genome-wide association study as a novel rheumatoid arthritis susceptibility gene such an association has not been(More)
Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is involved in host’s response to several infections including hepatitis B but little is known about MBL and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The present study attempts to investigate whether MBL2 genotype and serum MBL levels affect the course of HCV infection. We investigated the variant alleles in MBL2 gene promoter and(More)
OBJECTIVES Excessive interleukin- (IL-) 21 production by T cells has been implicated in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We explored the expression and function of IL-21 in human SLE. METHODS IL-21 and IL-21 receptor (IL-21R) expression was assessed by real-time PCR and flow cytometry in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the safety, efficacy, and lymphocyte activation of a triple therapeutic regimen with infliximab, methotrexate (MTX), and ciclosporin A (CsA) by an open label, pilot study. PATIENTS AND METHODS 19 patients (mean age 52.9 years) with active rheumatoid arthritis (mean DAS28 7.3) after a mean of 16.8 infliximab infusions and dose(More)
Vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms have been associated with susceptibility to several diseases, including type 1 diabetes (T1D), type 2 diabetes (T2D), and various infections. The study investigated whether VDR gene polymorphisms influence nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus in individuals with T2D, an important source for bloodstream,(More)
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is caused by mutations in pyrin, a protein expressed in innate immune cells that interacts with caspase-1 and other inflammasome components to regulate interleukin (IL)-1β maturation. Since NLRP3 inflammasome represents major source of IL-1β, we studied its protein expression and function in FMF. We isolated peripheral(More)
INTRODUCTION Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is a major inflammatory cytokine, produced predominantly by innate immune cells through NLRP3-inflammasome activation. Both intrinsic and extrinsic danger signals may activate NLRP3. Genetic variations in NLRP3-inflammasome components have been reported to influence rheumatoid arthritis (RA) susceptibility and severity.(More)
The recognition of the role of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells (MSC) in hematopoiesis, as part of the bone marrow microenvironment, renewed the interest for cord blood (CB) ex vivo expansion as a source of HSC for transplantation. MSC from children are recognized to have different biological properties compared to the ones from adults. The current study focuses(More)