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OBJECTIVE A putative regulatory intronic polymorphism (PD1.3) in the programmed death 1 (PD-1) gene, a negative regulator of T cells involved in peripheral tolerance, is associated with increased risk for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We undertook this study to determine the expression and function of PD-1 in SLE patients. METHODS We genotyped 289(More)
OBJECTIVE Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pattern-associated receptors in innate immunity that may be involved in the recognition of self antigens and the production of pathogenic autoantibodies. This study was undertaken to examine the expression and function of various TLRs in subpopulations of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with(More)
BACKGROUND In systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) sustained CD40L expression by T cells and platelets activates a variety of cells via its receptor CD40 contributing to disease pathogenesis. Although CD40 has recently been identified in genome-wide association study as a novel rheumatoid arthritis susceptibility gene such an association has not been(More)
OBJECTIVES Excessive interleukin- (IL-) 21 production by T cells has been implicated in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We explored the expression and function of IL-21 in human SLE. METHODS IL-21 and IL-21 receptor (IL-21R) expression was assessed by real-time PCR and flow cytometry in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of(More)
INTRODUCTION Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is involved in host's response to several infections including hepatitis B but little is known about MBL and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The present study attempts to investigate whether MBL2 genotype and serum MBL levels affect the course of HCV infection. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS We investigated the(More)
INTRODUCTION Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is a major inflammatory cytokine, produced predominantly by innate immune cells through NLRP3-inflammasome activation. Both intrinsic and extrinsic danger signals may activate NLRP3. Genetic variations in NLRP3-inflammasome components have been reported to influence rheumatoid arthritis (RA) susceptibility and severity.(More)
Adult-onset Still's disease is an inflammatory multisystemic disease of unknown etiology. Pleuritis is the most common pulmonary manifestation and pleural effusions are usually exudates with a predominance of neutrophils. We report a case of an eosinophilic pleural effusion as a novel and hitherto unrecognized manifestation of active adult-onset Still's(More)
Increased levels of asparagine synthetase (ASNS), an enzyme producing intracellular asparagine, have been implicated in the development of asparaginase resistance. The aim of this study was to assess ASNS mRNA and protein expression in bone marrow cell populations of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Bone marrow mononuclear cells at(More)
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is caused by mutations in pyrin, a protein expressed in innate immune cells that interacts with caspase-1 and other inflammasome components to regulate interleukin (IL)-1β maturation. Since NLRP3 inflammasome represents major source of IL-1β, we studied its protein expression and function in FMF. We isolated peripheral(More)