Christiane Susini

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Angiotensin II type 2 (AT2) receptors are involved in the inhibition of cell proliferation as well as in apoptosis and neuronal differentiation, through intracellular signalling pathways that remain poorly defined. The present study examines the effect of AT2-receptor stimulation on growth-factor-induced pathways leading to the activation of(More)
The G protein-coupled sst2 somatostatin receptor is a critical negative regulator of cell proliferation. sstII prevents growth factor-induced cell proliferation through activation of the tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 leading to induction of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27Kip1. Here, we investigate the signaling molecules linking sst2 to p27Kip1. In(More)
Activation of the somatostatin receptor sst2, a member of the Gi protein-coupled receptor family, results in the stimulation of a protein-tyrosine phosphatase activity involved in the sst2-mediated growth inhibitory signal. Here, we report that SHP-1, a cytoplasmic protein-tyrosine phosphatase containing two Src homology 2 domains constitutively associated(More)
The expression of the receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase r-PTPη is drastically reduced in rat and human malignant thyroid cells, whereas its restoration reverts the neoplastic phenotype of retrovirally transformed rat thyroid cells. Moreover, reduced levels and loss of heterozygosity of DEP-1, the human homolog of r-PTPη, have been found in many human(More)
Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is a pleiotropic cytokine that stimulates the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis through JAK-STAT activation. We show here that LIF-induced JAK2 and STAT3 tyrosine phosphorylation is transient, disappearing within 20 and 40 minutes, respectively. LIF activates the SH2 domain-containing tyrosine phosphatase, SHP-1, with(More)
Immature porcine Sertoli cells have been reported to be targets for the regulatory peptide somatostatin (SRIF), which inhibits the basal and FSH-induced proliferation of Sertoli cells through a decrease of cAMP production. In the present study, we show that SRIF inhibits both basal and FSH-stimulated expression of the stem cell factor (SCF), a Sertoli(More)
Effects of the stable somatostatin analogue RC-160 on cell proliferation, tyrosine phosphatase activity, and intracellular calcium concentration were investigated in CHO cells expressing the five somatostatin receptor subtypes SSTR1 to -5. Binding experiments were performed on crude membranes by using [125I-labeled Tyr11] somatostatin-14; RC-160 exhibited(More)
Since its discovery three decades ago as an inhibitor of GH release from the pituitary gland, somatostatin has attracted much attention because of its functional role in the regulation of a wide variety of physiological functions in the brain, pituitary, pancreas, gastrointestinal tract, adrenals, thyroid, kidney and immune system. In addition to its(More)
BACKGROUND There is a need for novel antitumor agents that demonstrate efficacy in currently refractory tumors without adding to the toxicity of therapy. The somatostatin analogs, which have demonstrated antineoplastic activities in experimental tumor models, and good tolerability and safety profiles are attractive candidates. MATERIALS AND METHODS Data(More)
Somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (sst2) gene expression is lost in 90% of human pancreatic adenocarcinomas. We previously demonstrated that stable sst2 transfection of human pancreatic BxPC-3 cells, which do not endogenously express sst2, inhibits cell proliferation, tumorigenicity, and metastasis. These sst2 effects occur as a consequence of an autocrine(More)