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Efficient neural communication between premotor and motor cortical areas is critical for manual motor control. Here, we used high-density electroencephalography to study cortical connectivity in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and age-matched healthy controls while they performed repetitive movements of the right index finger at maximal repetition(More)
Neural oscillations are thought to underlie coupling of spatially remote neurons and gating of information within the human sensorimotor system. Here we tested the hypothesis that different unimanual motor tasks are specifically associated with distinct patterns of oscillatory coupling in human sensorimotor cortical areas. In 13 healthy, right-handed(More)
Rectal atresia and anal stenosis are rare forms of anorectal malformations. The aim of the definitive surgical repair in such cases is to preserve the anal canal, the dentate line, and the sphincter complex. We present a case of rectal atresia and anal stenosis to demonstrate the differences in the operative repair. The techniques described leave the(More)
OBJECTIVE In patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) the effect of thalamic stimulation on tremor pathophysiology remains largely unclear. By recording local field potentials (LFPs) in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) while stimulating the nucleus ventralis intermedius thalami (VIM), information of the stimulation effects should be gained. METHODS We had the(More)
We simultaneously recorded local field potentials (LFPs) in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and surface electromyographic signals (EMGs) from the extensor and flexor muscles of the contralateral forearm in eight patients with idiopathic tremor-dominant Parkinson's disease (resting tremor) during the bilateral implantation of deep brain stimulation electrodes.(More)
Akinesia and rigidity are cardinal symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). Previous studies analysing event-related desynchronization during movement onset associated both symptoms with pathologically increased oscillations in the beta frequency range. By focusing on the movement onset only, these studies cannot, however, shed light onto the question how(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS The use of multiple trajectories microelectrode recording (MER) during implantation of deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrodes into the subthalamic nucleus (STN) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) is discussed controversially because of possible risks and unclear benefits. The aim of the study is to investigate whether MER(More)
Different tremor entities such as Essential Tremor (ET) or tremor in Parkinson's disease (PD) can be ameliorated by the implantation of electrodes in the ventral thalamus for Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS). The exact neural mechanisms underlying this treatment, as well as the specific pathophysiology of the tremor in both diseases to date remain elusive.(More)
Timing in the range of seconds referred to as interval timing is crucial for cognitive operations and conscious time processing. According to recent models of interval timing basal ganglia (BG) oscillatory loops are involved in time interval recognition. Parkinsońs disease (PD) is a typical disease of the basal ganglia that shows distortions in interval(More)
Implantation of electrodes in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) for deep brain stimulation is a well-established method to ameliorate motor symptoms in patients suffering from Parkinson's disease (PD). This study investigated the pathophysiology of rest and postural tremor in PD. In 14 patients with PD, we recorded intraoperatively local field potentials (LFPs)(More)