Christiane Ott

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Improvements in health care and lifestyle have led to an elevated lifespan and increased focus on age-associated diseases, such as neurodegeneration, cardiovascular disease, frailty and arteriosclerosis. In all these chronic diseases protein, lipid or nucleic acid modifications are involved, including cross-linked and non-degradable aggregates, such as(More)
Aging is a complex phenomenon and its impact is becoming more relevant due to the rising life expectancy and because aging itself is the basis for the development of age-related diseases such as cancer, neurodegenerative diseases and type 2 diabetes. Recent years of scientific research have brought up different theories that attempt to explain the aging(More)
Recombinant human erythropoietin (EPO) improves cognitive performance in neuropsychiatric diseases ranging from schizophrenia and multiple sclerosis to major depression and bipolar disease. This consistent EPO effect on cognition is independent of its role in hematopoiesis. The cellular mechanisms of action in brain, however, have remained unclear. Here we(More)
Unspecified DOI: 10.1515/humr.1991.4.3-4.391 Posted at the Zurich Open Repository and Archive, University of Zurich ZORA URL: Published Version Originally published at: Ruch, Willibald; Ott, Christiane; Accoce, Jeannine; Bariaud, Francoise (1991). Cross-national comparison of humor categories: France and Germany. HUMOR:(More)
Aging is accompanied by the accumulation of cellular damage over time in response to stress, lifestyle and environmental factors ultimately leading to age-related diseases and death. Additionally, the number of senescent cells increases with age. Senescence is most likely not a static endpoint, it represents a series of hallmarks including morphological(More)
Mitochondria have been in the focus of oxidative stress and aging research for decades due to their permanent production of ROS during the oxidative phosphorylation. The hypothesis exists that mitochondria are involved in the formation of lipofuscin, an autofluorescent protein aggregate that accumulates progressively over time in lysosomes of post-mitotic(More)
Proteins are subject to various posttranslational modifications, some of them being undesired from the point of view of metabolic efficiency. Prevention of such modifications is expected to provide new means of therapy of diseases and decelerate the process of aging. In this review, modifications of proteins by reactive nitrogen species and reactive halogen(More)
A number of studies reported a relation between longevity, oxidative stress and age-related diseases. Every aerobic organism is inevitably exposed to a permanent flux of free radicals and oxidants. Due to the limited activity of antioxidant and repair mechanisms, levels of reactive oxygen species can increase during aging. Protein damage caused by elevated(More)
Protein carbonylation is a common feature in cells exposed to oxidants, leading to protein dysfunction and protein aggregates. Actin, which is involved in manifold cellular processes, is a sensitive target protein to this oxidative modification. T-cell proteins have been widely described to be sensitive targets to oxidative modifications. The aim of this(More)
The overall decrease in proteolytic activity in aging can promote and accelerate protein accumulation and metabolic disturbances. To specifically analyze changes in macroautophagy (MA) we quantified different autophagy-related proteins (ATGs) in young, adult and old murine tissue as well as in young and senescent human fibroblasts. Thus, we revealed(More)