Christiane Nerz

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The Staphylococcus carnosus genome has the highest GC content of all sequenced staphylococcal genomes, with 34.6%, and therefore represents a species that is set apart from S. aureus, S. epidermidis, S. saprophyticus, and S. haemolyticus. With only 2.56 Mbp, the genome belongs to a family of smaller staphylococcal genomes, and the ori and ter regions are(More)
It has been shown recently that modification of peptidoglycan by O-acetylation renders pathogenic staphylococci resistant to the muramidase activity of lysozyme. Here, we show that a Staphylococcus aureus double mutant defective in O-acetyltransferase A (OatA), and the glycopeptide resistance-associated two-component system, GraRS, is much more sensitive to(More)
A lipoprotein diacylglyceryl transferase (lgt) deletion mutant of Staphylococcus aureus SA113 was constructed. The lipoprotein and prelipoprotein expression, the growth behavior, and the ability of the mutant to elicit an immune response in various host cells were studied. In the wild type, the majority of [14C]palmitate-labeled lipoproteins were located in(More)
It is well known that biofilm formation by pathogenic staphylococci on implanted medical devices leads to "chronic polymer-associated infections." Bacteria in these biofilms are more resistant to antibiotics and the immune defense system than their planktonic counterparts, which suggests that the cells in a biofilm have altered metabolic activity. To(More)
Several environmental stresses have been demonstrated to increase polysaccharide intercellular adhesin (PIA) synthesis and biofilm formation by the human pathogens Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. In this study we characterized an adaptive response of S. aureus SA113 to nitrite-induced stress and show that it involves concomitant(More)
In Staphylococcus, the twin-arginine translocation (Tat) pathway is present only in some species and is composed of TatA and TatC. The tatAC operon is associated with the fepABC operon, which encodes homologs to an iron-binding lipoprotein, an iron-dependent peroxidase (FepB), and a high-affinity iron permease. The FepB protein has a typical twin-arginine(More)
INTRODUCTION Complications in arthroplasty are mostly attributed to wear particle related loosening, infections or mechanical failure. There is no investigation in a large patient series giving data about the frequency of allergic reactions to metals or bone cement components in arthroplasty with complications. METHODS In 92 patients with cemented hip or(More)
Aim of the work was to design a polynucleotide based DNA microarray as screening tool to detect genes in food associated coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS). A focus was laid on genes with potential health concern and technological relevance. The microarray contained 220 probes for genes encoding antibiotic resistances, hemolysins, toxins, amino acid(More)
SUMMARY Searches for variable motifs such as protein-binding sites or promoter regions are more complex than the search for casual motifs. For example, in amino acid sequences comparing motifs alone mostly proves to be insufficient to detect regions that represent proteins with a special function, because the function depends on biochemical properties of(More)
Here, we investigate the functionality of the oxygen-responsive nitrogen regulation system NreABC in the human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus and evaluate its role in anaerobic gene regulation and virulence factor expression. Deletion of nreABC resulted in severe impairment of dissimilatory nitrate and nitrite reduction and led to a small-colony phenotype(More)
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