Christiane Guguen-Guillouzo

Learn More
Primary human hepatocytes were used to develop a culture model for in vitro propagation of hepatitis C virus (HCV). Production of positive- strand full-length viral RNA in cells and culture supernatants was monitored by PCR methods targeting three regions of the viral genome: the 5' NCR, the 3' X-tail and the envelope glycoprotein E2. De novo synthesis of(More)
The development of human cell models stably expressing functional properties of the in vivo cells they are derived from for predicting toxicity of chemicals is a major challenge. For mimicking the liver, a major target of toxic chemicals, primary hepatocytes represent the most pertinent model. Their use is limited by interdonor functional variability and(More)
We have identified the liver-regulating protein (LRP), a cell surface protein involved in the maintenance of hepatocyte differentiation when cocultured with rat liver epithelial cells (RLEC). LRP was defined by immunoreactivity to a monoclonal antibody (mAb L8) prepared from RLEC. mAb L8 specifically detected two polypeptides of 85 and 73 kD in(More)
The blood schizogonic cycle of human malaria parasites has thus far been the most exhaustively studied phase of parasite development. However, before entering red blood cells (RBCs), the parasite undergoes its first multiplication not in blood, but in hepatic cells. These hepatic stages were the last to be discovered and only a few studies have been(More)
The recently described hepatic cell line HepaRG is the sole hepatoma cell line susceptible to hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. It provides a unique tool for investigating some unresolved issues of the virus' biology, particularly the formation of the viral mini-chromosome believed to be responsible for the persistence of infection. In this study, we(More)
1. Humanized-liver mice, in which the liver has been repopulated with human hepatocytes, have been used to study aspects of human liver physiology such as drug metabolism, toxicology and hepatitis infection. However, the procurement of human hepatocytes is a major problem in producing humanized-liver mice because of the finite nature of the patient-derived(More)
Cell shape plays a role in cell growth, differentiation, and death. Herein, we used the hepatocyte, a normal, highly differentiated cell characterized by a long G1 phase, to understand the mechanisms that link cell shape to growth. First, evidence was provided that the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)(More)
In biomedical research, interpretation of microarray data requires confrontation of data and knowledge from heterogeneous resources, either in the biomedical domain or in genomics, as well as restitution and analysis methods adapted to huge amounts of data. We present a combined approach that relies on two components: BioMeKE annotates sets of genes using(More)
Several novel differentiated cell lines have been derived from a human hepatocarcinoma named HBG. Analysis of their functional properties evidenced a gradual differentiation process as they became confluent and a remarkable stability of the whole quiescent population for at least 6 weeks. However, when replated at low density after several weeks of(More)
The culture liver slices are mainly used to investigate drug metabolism and xenobiotic-mediated liver injuries while apoptosis and proliferation remain unexplored in this culture model. Here, we show a transient increase in LDH release and caspase activities indicating an ischemic injury during the slicing procedure. Then, caspase activities decrease and(More)