Christiane Barranguet

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The effects of copper (Cu) on photosynthetic riverine biofilms were studied in artificial stream channels. Direct effects on the composition and functioning of the biofilms were investigated using plant pigments, community-level physiological profiles (CLPP), and pulse-amplitude-modulated (PAM) fluorescence. Copper caused a significant reduction of(More)
This paper investigates the role of species interactions as a mechanism determining the changing seasonal abundance of microphytobenthic species. Different kinds of interactions can occur between microphytobenthic species, e.g., interference competition (a species directly hindering the growth of another) or resource competition. If such interactions are(More)
The benthic diatom Gomphonema parvulum Kützing is a common species in both clean and metal contaminated rivers. Our aim was to investigate whether metal-induced tolerance could explain the persistance of this taxon under metal polluted conditions. G. parvulum strains were isolated from a Zn- and Cd-contaminated stream and from a relatively clean(More)
We investigated the effects of copper on the structure and physiology of freshwater biofilm microbial communities. For this purpose, biofilms that were grown during 4 weeks in a shallow, slightly polluted ditch were exposed, in aquaria in our laboratory, to a range of copper concentrations (0, 1, 3, and 10 microM). Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis(More)
Photosynthetic biofilms are capable of immobilizing important concentrations of metals, therefore reducing bioavailability to organisms. But also metal pollution is believed to produce changes in the microalgal species composition of biofilms. We investigated the changes undergone by natural photosynthetic biofilms from the River Meuse, The Netherlands,(More)
Human activities in river catchments interfere with natural fluxes of water and materials. Diffuse inputs and point-sources of toxicants have modified the ecological state of riverine communities considerably, and sanitation schemes are now under development for various rivers. To improve analysis, monitoring and prospecting the role of toxicants in river(More)
Pigment concentrations (chlorophylla, chlorophyllidea and pheopigmentsa) were measured by HPLC and spectrophotometry with acidification on 57 samples collected in different marine coastal sediments, containing autochthonous microphytes, and with various organic matter contents (plant detritus, biodeposits or hydrocarbons). Statistical analysis shows that(More)
Microphytobenthic oxygen production was studied in the Gulf of Fos (French Mediterranean coast) during 1991/1992 using transparent and dark benthic chambers. Nine stations were chosen in depths ranging from 0.5 to 13 m, which represents more than 60% of bottoms in the Gulf. Positive net microphytobenthic oxygen production was seasonally detected down to 13(More)
Cultures of the marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum were grown under laboratory light with a different fraction of ultraviolet radiation (UV) to study the potential role of photoadaptation in determining the sensitivity to photoenhanced toxicity of acridine. In short-term experiments, a higher acridine concentration was needed to inhibit the(More)