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Cytodifferentiation of smooth muscle cells has been analyzed immunocytochemically during rat intestinal development and in chimaeric intestines by using monoclonal antibodies reacting specifically with smooth muscle actin species (CGA7 [10] and anti-alpha SM-1 [40]). As development proceeds, the various intestinal muscle layers differentiate in the(More)
Contortrostatin is a homodimeric disintegrin from snake venom. We have shown that contortrostatin binds to integrins alphaIIbbeta3, alpha5beta1, and alphavbeta3. We now use several criteria to demonstrate the binding of contortrostatin to alphavbeta5. First, incubation of T24 cells, which express alphavbeta3 and alphavbeta5, with antibody against(More)
Laminins are heterotrimeric glycoproteins of the basement membranes. Laminin 1 (alpha1, beta1, gamma1) is the major laminin expressed during early mouse embryogenesis. To gain access to the physiological function of laminin alpha1 chain, we developed a conditionally null allele of its encoding gene (Lama1) using the cre/loxP system. Floxed-allele-carrying(More)
The first complete mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences (approximately 16,569 bp) in 20 patients with asthenozoospermia and a comparison with 23 new complete mtDNA sequences in teratoasthenozoospermic individuals, confirmed no sharing of specific polymorphisms or specific mitochondrial lineages between these individuals. This is strong evidence against the(More)
The tumor suppressor Smad4 is involved in carcinogenesis mainly of the pancreas and colon. Functional inactivation of Smad4 is a genetically late event that occurs upon transition from premalignant stages to invasive and metastatic growth. Smad4 encodes an intracellular messenger common to all signalling cascades induced by members of the transforming(More)
Speech production involves widely distributed brain regions. This MEG study focuses on the spectro-temporal dynamics that contribute to the setup of this network. In 21 participants performing a cue-target reading paradigm, we analyzed local oscillations during preparation for overt and covert reading in the time-frequency domain and localized sources using(More)
The intestinal tissue is characterized by important morphogenetic movements during development as well as by a continuous dynamic crypt to villus epithelial cell migration leading to differentiation of specialized cells. In this study, we have examined the spatio-temporal distribution of laminin A and M chains as well as of alpha 6 and beta 4 integrin(More)
Laminins (comprised of alpha, beta, and gamma chains) are heterotrimeric glycoproteins integral to all basement membranes. The function of the laminin alpha5 chain in the developing intestine was defined by analysing laminin alpha5(-/-) mutants and by grafting experiments. We show that laminin alpha5 plays a major role in smooth muscle organisation and(More)
OBJECTIVE Calculation of attributable risks (ARs) of childhood overweight to estimate effectiveness of prevention strategies. METHODS We used pooled data of 4 population-based German studies including 34240 children and adolescents aged 3 to 18 years to calculate the impact of familial, social, "early life", and lifestyle factors on overweight. ARs (joint(More)
Contortrostatin, a 13.5 kDa disulfide-linked homodimeric polypeptide possessing an Arg-Gly-Asp sequence, was isolated from venom of the southern copperhead snake. Daily injection of contortrostatin into the primary tumor of human breast cancer MDA-MB-435 carried in nude mice significantly inhibited tumor growth and neovascularization of the tumor tissue. On(More)