Christian de Rouffignac

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It appears difficult to build a coherent picture of the concentrating system of the mammalian renal medulla. This may be due to the diversity of the factors involved and to considerable interspecies differences. Several morphological adaptations that may be critical in the improvement of water conservation are described. They include variations in the(More)
Our understanding of renal Mg handling has been expanded in recent years with the use of electron probe, ultramicroanalysis, and fluorescent dye techniques to determine total Mg and free Mg2+ in individual tubule segments and cells, respectively. Recent studies have shown that [Mg2+]i is a highly mobile cation that may be altered by a number of influences(More)
The mechanism by which the osmotic pressure increases in tubular fluid along the descending limb of the loop of Henle was examined in Psammomys undergoing salt diuresis. In two series of experiments, micropuncture samples were collected either from proximal and distal convolutions at the surface of the cortex, or from loops of Henle and collecting ducts at(More)
The mechanisms responsible for transepithelial Ca2+ and Mg2+ in transport in the isolated perfused cortical thick ascending limb (cTAL) of Henle's loop of the mouse nephron were investigated by measuring transepithelial voltages (PDte) and transepithelial ion net fluxes (JNa, JCl, JK, JCa, JMg) by electron microprobe analysis. In the presence of furosemide(More)
The effects of 1-desamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (dDAVP) on renal excretion and tubular transport of water and electrolytes were investigated in homozygous DI Brattleboro rats. To ascertain these effects on the loop of Henle, circulating glucagon, parathyroid hormone, and thyrocalcitonin were reduced before the experiments, as these hormones are believed(More)
The effects of physiological doses of human calcitonin (HCT) on renal excretion and tubular transport of water and electrolytes were investigated in hormone-deprived rats, i.e., homozygous DI Brattleboro rats with reduced levels of circulating glucagon, parathyroid hormone, and thyrocalcitonin, as these hormones are believed, together with ADH, to stimulate(More)
Beta 1- and beta 2-adrenergic receptor (beta-ARs) expression in the thick ascending limb of rat kidney was studied at the level of mRNA and receptor coupling to adenylyl cyclase. Absolute quantitation of beta 1- and beta 2-AR mRNAs in microdissected nephron segments was performed with an assay based on reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction,(More)
Insulin (Ins) decreases Na+ delivery in the final urine. To determine whether the loop of Henle participates in this reduction, the effects of Ins were tested on cortical (CTAL) and medullary thick ascending limbs (MTAL) of the mouse nephron, microperfused in vitro. In the MTAL, Ins increased the transepithelial potential difference (Vt) and the Na+ and Cl-(More)
Several hormones stimulate the adenylate cyclase system of the thick ascending limb (TAL). There are, however, some species differences concerning the cyclase sensitivity and the hormonal response in this nephron segment. In the mouse, antidiuretic hormone (ADH), parathyroid hormone, glucagon, calcitonin, and isoproterenol stimulate Na+, Cl-, Mg2+, and Ca2+(More)