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In this study, we investigated cardiomyocyte cytoarchitecture in a mouse model for dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), the muscle LIM protein (MLP) knockout mouse and substantiated several observations in a second DCM model, the tropomodulin-overexpressing transgenic (TOT) mouse. Freshly isolated cardiomyocytes from both strains are characterized by a more(More)
The cytoplasmic domain of the transmembrane protein M-cadherin is involved in anchoring cytoskeletal elements to the plasma membrane at cell-cell contact sites. Several members of the armadillo repeat protein family mediate this linkage. We show here that ARVCF, a member of the p120 (ctn) subfamily, is a ligand for the cytoplasmic domain of M-cadherin, and(More)
Treatment of metastatic breast cancer with doxorubicin (Doxo) in combination with trastuzumab, an antibody targeting the ErbB2 receptor, results in an increased incidence of heart failure. Doxo therapy induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) and alterations of calcium homeostasis. Therefore, we hypothesized that neuregulin-1 beta (NRG), a ligand of the(More)
Titin, the largest myofilament protein, serves as a template for sarcomere assembly and acts as a molecular spring to contribute to diastolic function. Titin is known to be extremely susceptible to calcium-dependent protease degradation in vitro. We hypothesized that titin degradation is an early event in doxorubicin-induced cardiac injury and that titin(More)
BACKGROUND There is an increased incidence of heart failure in patients treated concurrently with anthracyclines and the chemotherapeutic anti-erbB2 agent trastuzumab (Herceptin). On the basis of our previous studies with recombinant neuregulin-1beta (NRG-1beta), a ligand for the erbB2 receptor tyrosine kinase, we hypothesized that activation of erbB2 by(More)
The clinical manifestations of anti-cancer drug associated cardiac side effects are diverse and can range from acutely induced cardiac arrhythmias to Q–T interval prolongation, changes in coronary vasomotion with consecutive myocardial ischemia, myocarditis, pericarditis, severe contractile dysfunction, and potentially fatal heart failure. The(More)
Cardiotoxic side-effects represent a serious complication of anticancer therapy with anthracyclines, in particular with doxorubicin (DXR) being the leading drug of the group. Different hypotheses, accentuating various mechanisms and/or targets, have been proposed to explain DXR-induced cardiotoxicity. This review focuses on the myocardial energetic network(More)
In the present study, we compare expression, storage and secretion of the atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) in atrial and ventricular adult rat cardiomyocytes (aARC and vARC) in long-term culture. The influence of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on ANF production and secretion, as well as on the expression of(More)
Paclitaxel (Taxol) has been successfully combined with the monoclonal antibody trastuzumab (Herceptin) in the treatment of ErbB2 overexpressing cancers. However, this combination therapy showed an unexpected synergistic increase in cardiac dysfunction. We have studied the mechanisms of paclitaxel/anti-ErbB2 cardiotoxicity in adult rat ventricular myocytes(More)
Primary adult rat cardiomyocytes (ARC)in culture are shown to be a model system for cardiac cell hypertrophy in vitro. ARC undergo a process of morphological transformation and grow only by increase in cell size, however, without loss of the cardiac phenotype. The isolated cells spread and establish new cell-cell contacts, eventually forming a(More)