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BACKGROUND Preparations of Vitex agnus castus L. (VAC) have been shown to be effective to treat irregular menstrual cycles, cyclical mastalgia and symptoms of the premenstrual syndrome (PMS). However, the dose-effect relationship for the treatment of PMS has not yet been established. This study aimed to investigate the clinical effects of three different(More)
Human breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) is an ABC-transporter that is present on the luminal membrane of intestinal epithelial cells and restricts absorption of anticancer drugs such as methotrexate, topotecan, mitoxantrone, and doxorubicin. The exact anatomic distribution of BCRP along the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, however, has not been(More)
Efflux transporters such as P-glycoprotein and multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs) in the intestinal wall restrict intestinal drug transport. To overcome this limitation for enteral drug absorption, galenical targeting approaches have been proposed for site-specific luminal drug release in segments of the gut, where expression of the respective(More)
Multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2/Mrp2) is a transporter that can influence the absorption, distribution, and elimination of many drugs. Mrp2 knockout mice are being used to study Mrp2 functions in vivo, including pharmacokinetics of drugs. To assess possible species-specific differences between human MRP2 and mouse Mrp2, we generated polarized cell(More)
AIMS Efflux transporters such as breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) and P-glycoprotein (Pgp; MDR1/ABCB1) are protecting the enterocytes from potentially toxic compounds. Both transporters have been reported to be downregulated in patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC). The aim of this study was to evaluate transporter expression in both(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The expression of transporters involved in bile acid homeostasis is differentially regulated during obstructive cholestasis. Since the drug efflux transporter breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) is known to transport bile acids, we investigated whether duodenal BCRP expression could be altered during cholestasis. METHODS Using(More)
BACKGROUND There is growing clinical interest in thalidomide for the treatment of various disorders due to its anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and anti-angiogenic properties. In numerous clinical trials thalidomide is used as an adjunct to standard therapy. Therefore, clinicians should be aware of all possible drug-drug interactions that might occur(More)
Interactions of acutely administered grapefruit juice (GFJ) with cytochrome P450 isoform 3A4 (CYP3A4) and P-glycoprotein (Pgp) function are well established. In this study, we investigated in vitro the effect of repeated administration of GFJ and its major constituents (the flavonoid naringin, its aglycone naringenin and the furanocoumarin bergamottin) on(More)
Budesonide, a glucocorticoid with a high first-pass metabolism, is used for the oral treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) is an enzyme involved in the metabolism of numerous drugs, including budesonide. Since inhibition or induction of CYP3A4 is often the cause of drug-drug interactions we analyzed how budesonide affects the(More)