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Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) represent a family of structurally and functionally related enzymes responsible for the proteolytic degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) components such as basement membrane or interstitial stroma. MMPs are important participants of normal tissue remodeling. Due to their potential hazardous effects MMPs are highly(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) exhibit the potential to contribute to a wide variety of endogenous organ tissue repair. However, the signals governing hMSC mobilization out of the bone marrow, release into the bloodstream, and migration/invasion into the target tissue are largely unknown. Since canonical Wnt signaling regulates not only tumor but also(More)
The two matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) Mr 72,000 type IV collagenase (MMP-2, gelatinase A) and Mr 92,000 type IV collagenase (MMP-9, gelatinase B) play key roles in tissue remodeling and tumor invasion by digestion of extracellular matrix barriers. We have investigated the production of these two enzymes as well as the membrane-type MMP (MT1-MMP) and the(More)
92-kDa type IV collagenase/gelatinase (matrix metalloproteinase-9; MMP-9; gelatinase B) expression and secretion has been shown to correlate with the invasive and metastatic potential of various malignant cells. MMP activity is tightly controlled by specific tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). We found the leukemic cell line HL-60(More)
BACKGROUND The choice of implant design plays an important role for primary fixation of a TKA. Short-keeled tibial components allow implantation through a smaller approach with less femorotibial subluxation. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES The purpose of this study was to detect early implant failure resulting from aseptic loosening after cemented short-keeled and(More)
Based on the capacity of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) to differentiate into multiple cell types in vitro and in vivo, MCS may be a suitable source for cell therapy and regeneration strategies. A prerequisite for effective clinical applications of human MSC (hMSC) is a profound knowledge of signal transduction cascades that mediate processes like(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) represent promising tools in various clinical applications, including the regeneration of injured tissues by endogenous or transplanted hMSCs. The molecular mechanisms, however, that control hMSC mobilization and homing which require invasion through extracellular matrix (ECM) barriers are almost unknown. We have(More)
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 1 (TIMP-1) is a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-independent regulator of growth and apoptosis in various cell types. The receptors and signaling pathways that are involved in the growth factor activities of TIMP-1, however, remain controversial. RNA interference of TIMP-1 has revealed that endogenous TIMP-1 suppresses(More)
The regulative network conducting adult stem cells in endogenous tissue repair is of prime interest for understanding organ regeneration as well as preventing degenerative and malignant diseases. One major signal transduction pathway which is involved in the control of these (patho)physiological processes is the Wnt pathway. Recent results obtained in our(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), also known as 92-kD type IV collagenase/gelatinase, is believed to play a critical role in tumor invasion and metastasis. Here, we report that MMP-9 was constitutively released from the human promyelocytic cell line HL-60 as determined by zymographic analysis. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) enhanced the enzyme(More)