Christian X. Andersson

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IL-6 is released by the adipose tissue and increased circulating levels in obesity are associated with hyperinsulinaemia and insulin resistance. Short-term experiments suggest that increased IL-6 release by the skeletal muscle following exercise may improve insulin sensitivity. In order to examine the effect of chronically elevated IL-6 levels, we(More)
The metabolic syndrome is associated with a dysregulated adipose tissue; in part a consequence of adipose cell enlargement and the associated infiltration of macrophages. Adipose cell enlargement leads to a proinflammatory state in the cells with reduced secretion of adiponectin and with increased secretion of several cytokines and chemokines including(More)
This study investigates the role of serine/threonine protein kinase 25 (STK25), a member of the sterile 20 (STE20) superfamily of kinases, in the regulation of skeletal muscle metabolism. The effect of depleting STK25 in muscle cells was studied by reducing the mRNA and protein content of this target in the rat myoblast cell line L6 by small interfering(More)
The breakpoint cluster region protein (Bcr) is a large soluble oligomeric multidomain protein best known because of its involvement in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). A chromosomal translocation between its gene and that of the c-abl kinase ('Philadelphia chromosome') plays a major causative role in that malignancy. Thus most attention has been paid to(More)
Adipose tissue secretes different adipokines, including interleukin-6 (IL-6), that have been implicated in the insulin resistance and inflammatory state characterizing obesity. We examined the putative cross-talk between insulin and IL-6 in adipose cells and found that insulin exerts an inhibitory effect on the IL-6 signaling pathway by altering the(More)
The aim of the study was to examine the possible role of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in the regulation of the inflammatory response induced by cytokine action in human liver cells. IL-6-stimulated expression of the genes for acute-phase response markers serum amyloid A (SAA1, SAA2) and haptoglobin (HP) in the human hepatocarcinoma cell line HepG2(More)
Type 2 diabetes is the most common metabolic disorder today and has reached epidemic proportions in many countries. Insulin resistance and inflammation play a central role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and are present long before the onset of the disease. During this time, many of the complications associated with type 2 diabetes are initiated. Of(More)
The aim of the study was to address the role of protein kinase C-δ (PKCδ) on phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and activation of inflammatory genes in response to IL-6 in adipose cells. Differentiated mouse 3T3-L1 adipocytes preincubated with the PKCδ inhibitor rottlerin and mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs)(More)
CD43 is a transmembrane molecule with a highly O-glycosylated extracellular domain of mucin type. It is a normal constituent of leukocytes and found in colon adenoma, but not in normal colon epithelia. Here it is shown that the cytoplasmic tail of CD43 contains a functional bipartite nuclear localization signal directing it to the nucleus. The intracellular(More)
CD43 is an abundant transmembrane sialoglycoprotein in leukocyte-type cell lines, but it has also been suggested to be present in colon adenomas and colon carcinomas. We have now shown that CD43 is expressed in a variety of cell lines of different origins (CaSKI, A549, 293, MTSV1-7, MCF7, HT-1080, Jurkat, K562, COLO 205, HT-29, Caco-2, DLD-1 and SW480). The(More)