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OBJECTIVE Elevated serum levels of the lymphangiogenic factors VEGF-C and -D have been observed in obese individuals but their relevance for the metabolic syndrome has remained unknown. METHODS K14-VEGFR-3-Ig (sR3) mice that constitutively express soluble-VEGFR-3-Ig in the skin, scavenging VEGF-C and -D, and wildtype (WT) mice were fed either chow or(More)
Obesity is a well-known risk factor for the development of secondary complications such as type 2 diabetes. However, only a part of the obese population develops secondary metabolic disorders. Here, we identify the transcription factor retinoid-related orphan receptor gamma (RORγ) as a negative regulator of adipocyte differentiation through expression of(More)
Branched-chain phytanic acid is metabolized in liver peroxisomes. Sterol carrier protein 2/sterol carrier protein x (SCP2/SCPx) knockout mice, which develop a phenotype with a deficiency in phytanic acid degradation, accumulate dramatically high concentrations of this fatty acid in serum (Seedorf at al. 1998. Genes Dev. 12: 1189-1201) and liver.(More)
White adipose tissue stores energy while brown adipose tissue contributes to body temperature maintenance through non-shivering thermogenesis. In addition, brite (brown-in-white) adipocytes resembling classical brown adipocytes within predominantly white adipose tissue can be found in response to cold adaptation or other stimuli. Even though our(More)
Lymphatic vessels play an essential role in intestinal lipid uptake, and impairment of lymphatic vessel function leads to enhanced adipose tissue accumulation in patients with lymphedema and in genetic mouse models of lymphatic dysfunction. However, the effects of obesity on lymphatic function have been poorly studied. We investigated if and how adipose(More)
BACKGROUND Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) belongs to the large family of fibroblast growth factors (FGFs). Even though FGF signaling has been mainly implicated in developmental processes, recent studies have demonstrated that FGF21 is an important regulator of whole body energy expenditure and metabolism, in obesity. SCOPE OF REVIEW Given the fact(More)
Moclobemide was compared with placebo for antidepressant activity, tolerance and safety in 2 parallel groups of 23 and 24 depressed patients. At the end of treatment (4 weeks or longer), 9 patients on moclobemide (41%) showed an improvement greater than or equal to 50% on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, compared with only 4 (17%) of those on(More)
Adipose tissue is a key determinant of whole body metabolism and energy homeostasis. Unraveling the regulatory mechanisms underlying adipogenesis is therefore highly relevant from a biomedical perspective. Our current understanding of fat cell differentiation is centered on the transcriptional cascades driven by the C/EBP protein family and the master(More)
OBJECTIVE Adipose tissue shows a high degree of plasticity, and adipocyte hyperplasia is an important mechanism for adipose tissue expansion. Different adipose depots respond differently to an increased demand for lipid storage. Orchestrating cellular expansion in vivo requires extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling and a high degree of interaction between(More)
Adipose tissue is a major site of energy storage and has a role in the regulation of metabolism through the release of adipokines. Here we show that mice with an adipose-tissue-specific knockout of the microRNA (miRNA)-processing enzyme Dicer (ADicerKO), as well as humans with lipodystrophy, exhibit a substantial decrease in levels of circulating exosomal(More)