Learn More
BACKGROUND In the zebrafish embryo, the differentiation of distinct muscle fiber types has been shown to require the activity of members of the Hedgehog (Hh) family of secreted proteins. Evidence from other systems suggests that Hh behaves as a morphogen, inducing cell fates in a concentration-dependent manner. Exactly how Hh signaling contributes to the(More)
 We have isolated a homologue to the Drosophila caudal (cad) gene from the flour beetle Tribolium castaneum and have studied its expression pattern. The Tribolium caudal (Tc-cad) gene arrangement is unusual in that there is a partial duplication of the gene resulting in alternative transcripts with identical 5′-exons, but different 3′-exons encoding two(More)
Developmental programs that govern the embryonic diversification of distinct kinds of muscles in vertebrates remain obscure. For instance, the most widely recognized attribute of early diversity among skeletal myoblasts is their ability to differentiate exclusively into fibers with slow or fast contractile properties. However, we know little about the(More)
Vertebrate skeletal muscles comprise distinct fiber types that differ in their morphology, contractile function, mitochondrial content and metabolic properties. Recent studies identified the transcriptional coactivator PGC-1alpha as a key mediator of the physiological stimuli that modulate fiber-type plasticity in postembryonic development. Although(More)
In this study, the authors compared and evaluated 4 membrane potential probes in the same cellular assay: the oxonol dye DiBAC(4)(3), the FLIPR membrane potential (FMP) dye (Molecular Devices), and 2 novel fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) dye systems from PanVera [CC2-DMPE/DiSBAC(2)(3)] and Axiom [DiSBAC(1)(3)/DiSBAC(1)(5)]. The kinetic(More)
Signaling by lipid-modified secreted glycoproteins of the Hedgehog family play fundamental roles during pattern formation in animal development and in humans; dysfunction of Hedgehog pathway components is frequently associated with a variety of congenital abnormalities and cancer. Transcriptional regulation of Hedgehog target genes is mediated by members of(More)
Social tagging systems allow users to upload and assign keywords to digital resources. Thus a body of user annotated resources gradually evolves: Users can share resources, re-find their own resources or use the systems as search engines for items added by the whole user population. In this paper we want to contribute towards a better understanding of usage(More)
Recent studies have implicated the signaling factor Sonic hedgehog (Shh) as a negative regulator of pancreatic development, but as a positive regulator of pancreas function in amniotes [1-4]. Here, using genetic analysis, we show that specification of the pancreas in the teleost embryo requires the activity of Hh proteins. Zebrafish embryos compromised in(More)
Somite formation in vertebrates depends on a molecular oscillator in the presomitic mesoderm (PSM). In order to get a better insight into how oscillatory expression is achieved in the zebrafish Danio rerio, we have analysed the regulation of her1 and her7, two bHLH genes that are co-expressed in the PSM. Using specific morpholino oligonucleotide mediated(More)
Background „ growing number of systems that use tagging „ user provided vocabulary for the annotation of resources „ tagging as a possible solution to the " vocabulary problem " stated by Furnas (1987) „ tags can " identify qualities or characteristics " of resources • Is it possible to discover regular patterns in tag usage and to establish a stable(More)