Christian Werno

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UNLABELLED Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) provoke adaptation to hypoxic stress occurring in rapidly growing tumor tissues. Therefore, overexpression of HIF-1 or HIF-2 is a common feature in hepatocellular carcinoma but their specific function is still controversially discussed. To analyze HIF function in hypoxia-induced cell death we created a stable(More)
Macrophages infiltrating solid tumors exhibit a tumor-supporting phenotype and are critical for tumor development. Little is known which tumor-derived signal provokes this phenotype shift and how these signals are interpreted in macrophages to support tumor growth. We used the supernatant of apoptotic cells and noticed transcriptional, nuclear factor of(More)
Inflammation is often accompanied by hypoxia because of the high oxygen consumption of invading bacteria and immune cells. During resolution of inflammation, the formation of inflammatory mediators such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), which is produced by macrophages, needs to be terminated. We show in RAW264.7 macrophages that TNF-alpha mRNA as(More)
A challenging task of the immune system is to fight cancer cells. However, a variety of human cancers educate immune cells to become tumor supportive. This is exemplified for tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), which are polarized towards an anti-inflammatory and cancer promoting phenotype. Mechanistic explanations, how cancer cells influence the(More)
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) constitute major infiltrates of solid tumors and express a marker profile that characterizes alternatively activated macrophages (MФs). TAMs accumulate in hypoxic tumor regions, express high amounts of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) and contribute to tumor angiogenesis and invasiveness. However, the precise role of(More)
Hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) coordinates major responses to hypoxia, with the notion that its alpha subunit is degraded under normoxia but stable under hypoxia. Recently, calcium was shown to affect expression of HIF-1alpha. While lowering cytosolic calcium accumulates HIF-1alpha, a calcium increase by the ionophores A23187 or ionomycin as well as the(More)
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