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Entamoeba histolytica is an intestinal parasite and the causative agent of amoebiasis, which is a significant source of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Here we present the genome of E. histolytica, which reveals a variety of metabolic adaptations shared with two other amitochondrial protist pathogens: Giardia lamblia and Trichomonas(More)
Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) may contribute to endothelial regeneration; however, the exact mechanisms of their arterial homing remain elusive. We examined the role of the angiogenic chemokine receptor CXCR2 in the homing of human EPCs. Isolated EPCs expressed CXCR2 together with kinase insert domain-containing receptor, CD31, vascular(More)
OBJECTIVE Chemokines and their receptors are crucially involved in the development of atherosclerotic lesions by directing monocyte and T cell recruitment. The CC-chemokine receptors 1 (CCR1) and 5 (CCR5) expressed on these cells bind chemokines implicated in atherosclerosis, namely CCL5/RANTES. Although general blockade of CCL5 receptors reduces(More)
BACKGROUND HMG-CoA-reductase inhibitors have been shown to exhibit pronounced immunomodulatory effects independent of lipid lowering. We have recently demonstrated that pretreatment with simvastatin profoundly improves survival in a cecal ligation and perforation (CLP) model of sepsis. Here, we studied whether treatment with simvastatin after onset of(More)
Atherosclerosis is characterized by chronic inflammation of the arterial wall due to chemokine-driven mononuclear cell recruitment. Activated platelets can synergize with chemokines to exacerbate atherogenesis; for example, by deposition of the chemokines platelet factor-4 (PF4, also known as CXCL4) and RANTES (CCL5), triggering monocyte arrest on inflamed(More)
Endothelial cell proliferation and migration may play a central role in angiogenesis, wound healing, and atherosclerosis. Although CXC chemokines can act on endothelial cells by influencing proliferation, an involvement of CC chemokines and endothelial expression of chemokine receptors remains to be elucidated. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain(More)
The subset of human blood monocytes expressing low levels of CD14 and high levels of CD16 (CD14+CD16+) exhibits features resembling mature tissue macrophages and can be expanded in inflammatory conditions. We analyzed expression of CC chemokine receptors (CCR) in CD14+CD16+ versus CD14++ monocytes, which may be crucial for specific trafficking. Multicolor(More)
BACKGROUND HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, such as simvastatin, have been shown to exhibit pronounced immunomodulatory effects independent of lipid lowering but to date have not been used to treat severe inflammatory disease such as sepsis. We thus approached the question of whether treatment with simvastatin might improve cardiovascular function and survival(More)