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The respiratory effects of two postoperative analgesic regimens were compared in two groups of 16 patients each, recovering from general anesthesia and major surgery. One group received a pain-relieving dose of iv morphine (mean, 18.1 mg), with the same dose repeated as a continuous intravenous infusion over the subsequent 24 h. The other group received(More)
Auditory (AER) and somatosensory evoked responses (SSER) were recorded simultaneously in eight patients under anaesthesia before surgery. We studied the effects of equi-MAC end-expiratory concentrations of isoflurane (0.65-0.75%) and nitrous oxide (60-65%). The anaesthetics were changed at random in three consecutive 10-min periods so that each patient(More)
The respiratory effects of a new strong analgesic, meptazinol, were compared with a placebo and with equianalgesic doses of morphine and pentazocine in a double-blind crossover trial in seven healthy volunteers. No significant change in the ventilatory response to rebreathing carbon dioxide was observed after meptazinol 100 mg/70 kg or placebo. However,(More)
The effect of increasing end-tidal enflurane concentration on the auditory evoked response was studied in six patients. After a standard induction, anesthesia was maintained with 70% nitrous oxide in oxygen and the end-tidal enflurane concentration was increased gradually from 0 to 1% over a period of 30 min. The averaged auditory evoked response was(More)
The in vitro study aimed at the determination of the bacterial reduction in root canals used pulsed Nd:YAG laser radiation without a photosensitizing dye. In addition the temperature change in the root canals was determined during laser irradiation. The study sample was 114 root canals of extracted single-rooted human teeth that have been enlarged(More)
Previous studies have shown a dose-related effect of a number of general anaesthetic agents on the early cortical waves in the auditory evoked response (AER). In this study the effect of surgical stimulation on these waves was examined in 11 patients anaesthetized with thiopentone, nitrous oxide and halothane and paralysed with pancuronium. The inspired(More)
We have investigated the relationship between the auditory evoked response (AER) and simple tests of conscious awareness at four end-expiratory concentrations (0.0, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.4 MAC) of isoflurane in oxygen in each of eight anaesthetist volunteers, in random order, at least 1 week apart. The early cortical AER was recorded from electrodes at the vertex(More)
A new, non-invasive method of measuring pulmonary epithelial damage in man was compared with traditional tests of small-airway function. Pulmonary epithelial permeability was expressed as the half-time clearance from the lung into blood of (99m)Tc-diethylene triaminepenta-acetic acid ((99m)Tc-DTPA) deposited predominantly in the alveoli from an inhaled(More)