Christian Tronstad

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A novel method for in vitro calibration of skin hydration measurements is presented. The method combines gravimetric and electrical measurements and reveals an exponential dependency of measured electrical susceptance to absolute water content in the epidermal stratum corneum. The results also show that absorption of water into the stratum corneum exhibits(More)
BACKGROUND For a long time, DC conductance has been the most important parameter in electrodermal routine measurements. However, DC current flow polarizes the electrodes, electrolyzes the skin, disturbs the measurement of conductance by possible varying electromotive forces (EMFs) in the circuit, and impedes the registration of the skin endosomatic DC(More)
Low-frequency skin conductance is used within several clinical applications and is mainly sensitive to sweating and the moisture content of the stratum corneum, but also how electrodes introduce changes in the electrical properties. Four electrode gels were investigated with regard to sorption characteristics and electrical properties. Skin conductance time(More)
The shapes of skin conductance (SC) and skin potential (SP) responses are often similar, but can also be very different due to an unexplained cause. Using a new method to measure SC and SP simultaneously at the same electrode, this difference was investigated in a new way by comparing their temporal peak differences. SC, SP, skin susceptance (SS), and(More)
Skin conductance (SC) has previously been reported to correlate strongly with sweat rate (Swr) within subjects, but weakly between subjects. Using a new solution for simultaneous recording of SC, skin susceptance (SS) and skin potential (SP) at the same skin site, the aim of this study was to assess how accurately sweat production can be estimated based on(More)
Measurement of electrodermal activity (EDA) has recently made a transition from the laboratory into daily life with the emergence of wearable devices. Movement and nongelled electrodes make these devices more susceptible to noise and artifacts. In addition, real-time interpretation of the measurement is needed for user feedback. The Kalman filter approach(More)
Recording electrodermal activity is a well-accepted physiological measurement for clinical approaches and research. Historically, applying a DC (direct current) signal to the skin to measure the conductance is the most common practice for exogenous recordings. However, this method can be subject to error due to electrode polarization even with(More)
Measurement artifacts are common in hemodynamic recordings such as cardiac output and blood pressure. Manual artifact removal is cumbersome for large datasets, and automatic processing using algorithms may reduce workload and provide more reproducible outcomes. This paper presents an artifact removal algorithm which is more aggressive compared to a(More)
Using low-frequency (LF) alternating current skin conductance (SC) has recently been recommended for electrodermal activity (EDA) measurement, but the method may imply some limitations in sampling rate, which are insufficient for capturing the complete SC waveform. The aim of this study was to assess whether LF SC can be estimated based on skin admittance(More)
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