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A novel method for in vitro calibration of skin hydration measurements is presented. The method combines gravimetric and electrical measurements and reveals an exponential dependency of measured electrical susceptance to absolute water content in the epidermal stratum corneum. The results also show that absorption of water into the stratum corneum exhibits(More)
The main purpose of this study was to compare the effect of the 2 minimally invasive surgical techniques for treating axillary hyperhidrosis: superficial tumescent suction curettage and curettage only. A total of 22 patients diagnosed with axillary hyperhidrosis received one type of treatment at each side, randomized. Examinations were performed(More)
For detection of cardiac ischemia based on regional pCO(2) measurement, sensor drift becomes a problem when monitoring over several hours. A real-time drift correction algorithm was developed based on utilization of the time-derivative to distinguish between physiological responses and the drift, customized by measurements from a myocardial infarction(More)
A multichannel logger for long-term measurements of sweat activity is presented. The logger uses skin surface electrodes for unipolar admittance measurements in the stratum corneum. The logger is developed with emphasis on clinical use. The portability of the logger enables recording of sweat activity under circumstances such as daily errands, exercise and(More)
BACKGROUND For a long time, DC conductance has been the most important parameter in electrodermal routine measurements. However, DC current flow polarizes the electrodes, electrolyzes the skin, disturbs the measurement of conductance by possible varying electromotive forces (EMFs) in the circuit, and impedes the registration of the skin endosomatic DC(More)
Skin admittance measurements are used in several biomedical applications, and the technology available today opens for new design solutions. The digital instrumentation has several advantages to the conventional analog instrumentation by needing fewer components, having lower cost, better reliability and is easier to modify in the field. A design(More)
Low-frequency skin conductance is used within several clinical applications and is mainly sensitive to sweating and the moisture content of the stratum corneum, but also how electrodes introduce changes in the electrical properties. Four electrode gels were investigated with regard to sorption characteristics and electrical properties. Skin conductance time(More)
We present experimental findings regarding variability and stability of the electrical impedance properties of medical grade stainless steel needle electrodes in vitro. Monopolar impedance spectra (1 Hz to 1 MHz) were measured and scanning electron microscope images were obtained for five needle types with active electrode area from 0.28 to 0.7 mm2. A(More)
The shapes of skin conductance (SC) and skin potential (SP) responses are often similar, but can also be very different due to an unexplained cause. Using a new method to measure SC and SP simultaneously at the same electrode, this difference was investigated in a new way by comparing their temporal peak differences. SC, SP, skin susceptance (SS), and(More)
Skin conductance (SC) has previously been reported to correlate strongly with sweat rate (Swr) within subjects, but weakly between subjects. Using a new solution for simultaneous recording of SC, skin susceptance (SS) and skin potential (SP) at the same skin site, the aim of this study was to assess how accurately sweat production can be estimated based on(More)