Christian Stock

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Their glycolytic metabolism imposes an increased acid load upon tumour cells. The surplus protons are extruded by the Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) which causes an extracellular acidification. It is not yet known by what mechanism extracellular pH (pHe) and NHE activity affect tumour cell migration and thus metastasis. We studied the impact of pHe and NHE activity(More)
BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers. Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have been suggested as potentially promising markers for early detection of CRC. We aimed to identify and evaluate a panel of miRNAs that might be suitable for CRC early detection. METHODS MiRNAs were profiled by TaqMan MicroRNA Array and(More)
Cell motility is central to tissue homeostasis in health and disease, and there is hardly any cell in the body that is not motile at a given point in its life cycle. Important physiological processes intimately related to the ability of the respective cells to migrate include embryogenesis, immune defense, angiogenesis, and wound healing. On the other side,(More)
In vivo K(+), Na(+), Ca(2+) and Cl(-) activities in the cytosol and the contractile vacuole fluid of Paramecium multimicronucleatum were determined in cells adapted to a number of external osmolarities and ionic conditions by using ion-selective microelectrodes. It was found that: (1) under standardized saline conditions K(+) and Cl(-) were the major(More)
The rate of fluid expulsion, R(CVC), from the contractile vacuole complex (CVC) of Paramecium multimicronucleatum was estimated from the volume of the contractile vacuoles (CVs) immediately before the start of fluid discharge and from the time elapsing between discharges. The R(CVC) increased when the cell was exposed to a strongly hypotonic solution and(More)
Cell migration is a process that plays an important role throughout the entire life span. It starts early on during embryogenesis and contributes to shaping our body. Migrating cells are involved in maintaining the integrity of our body, for instance, by defending it against invading pathogens. On the other side, migration of tumor cells may have lethal(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Data from randomized controlled trials on the effects of screening colonoscopies on colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality are not available. Observational studies have suggested that colonoscopies strongly reduce the risk of CRC, but there is little specific evidence on the effects of screening colonoscopies. METHODS We(More)
Cancer accounts for 13% of the yearly total mortality worldwide. Most cancer deaths are the sequel of metastatic diseases rather than of primary tumor growth. Thus, the major challenge in tumor therapy is the tumor cells’ ability to metastasize. The extent to which a tumor metastasizes correlates with the tumor cells’ migratory activity. Tumor cell(More)
In vivo K+, Na+, Ca2+, Cl- and H+ activities in the cytosol and the contractile vacuole fluid, the overall cytosolic osmolarity, the fluid segregation rate per contractile vacuole and the membrane potential of the contractile vacuole complex of Paramecium multimicronucleatum were determined in cells adapted to 24 or 124 mosm l(-1) solutions containing as(More)
PURPOSE We describe our experience with laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in 26 patients with nonseminomatous germ cell tumors: 17 had stage I disease with no clinical (computerized tomography, ultrasound or tumor markers) evidence of metastases and 9 (2 with stage IIb and 7 with stage IIc disease) had residual tumor after chemotherapy but(More)