Christian Sommerhoff

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BACKGROUND Hyperphenylalaninemia is a common inherited metabolic disease that is due to phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency, and at least half the affected patients have mild clinical phenotypes. Treatment with a low-phenylalanine diet represents a substantial psychosocial burden, but alternative treatments have not been effective. METHODS To explore the(More)
Biological therapies such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors have advanced the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, but one-third of patients do not respond to such therapy. Furthermore, these inhibitors are now usually administered in combination with conventional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, suggesting they have not achieved their early(More)
Proteinase inhibitors are important negative regulators of proteinase action in vivo. We have succeeded in isolating two previously unknown polypeptides (HF6478 and HF7665) from human blood filtrate that are parts of a larger precursor protein containing two typical Kazal-type serine proteinase inhibitor motifs. The entire precursor protein, as deduced from(More)
A novel metallocarboxypeptidase inhibitor was isolated from the medical leech Hirudo medicinalis. Amino acid sequence analysis provided a nearly complete primary structure. which was subsequently verified and completed by cDNA cloning using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction/rapid amplification of cDNA end techniques. The inhibitor, called LCI(More)
OBJECTIVES Our study sought to elucidate the role of oxidative stress for shedding of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and for activating TNF-alpha-converting enzyme (TACE). BACKGROUND TNF-alpha, a central inflammatory cytokine, is discussed as one of the mediators of reperfusion injury. Shedding of membrane-bound pro-TNF-alpha is thought to be(More)
Newborn screening (NBS) for medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD) revealed a higher birth prevalence and genotypic variability than previously estimated, including numerous novel missense mutations in the ACADM gene. On average, these mutations are associated with milder biochemical phenotypes raising the question about their pathogenic(More)
Human tissue kallikrein 4 (hK4) belongs to a 15-member family of closely related serine proteinases. hK4 is predominantly expressed in prostate, activates hK3/PSA, and is up-regulated in prostate and ovarian cancer. We have identified active monomers of recombinant hK4 besides inactive oligomers in solution. hK4 crystallised in the presence of zinc, nickel,(More)
Chronic inflammation is a major risk factor for the development and metastatic progression of cancer. We have previously reported that the chemopreventive polyphenol Curcumin inhibits the expression of the proinflammatory cytokines CXCL1 and -2 leading to diminished formation of breast and prostate cancer metastases. In the present study, we have analyzed(More)
The x-ray crystal structure of recombinant leech-derived tryptase inhibitor (rLDTI) has been solved to a resolution of 1.9 A in complex with porcine trypsin. The nonclassical Kazal-type inhibitor exhibits the same overall architecture as that observed in solution and in rhodniin. The complex reveals structural aspects of the mast cell proteinase tryptase.(More)
A novel proteinaceous metallo-carboxypeptidase inhibitor, named tick carboxypeptidase inhibitor (TCI), was isolated from the ixodid tick Rhipicephalus bursa and N-terminally sequenced. The complete cDNA encoding this protein was cloned from tick mRNA by reverse transcription-PCR and rapid amplification of cDNA ends techniques. The full-length TCI cDNA(More)