Christian Schmidt

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Objective: We hypothesized that measuring stroke volume variation (SVV) during mechanical ventilation by continuous arterial pulse contour analysis allows the accurate prediction and monitoring of changes in cardiac index (CI) in response to volume administration. Design and setting: Prospective study in an university hospital. Patients: Twenty mechanically(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the accuracy of measurement of intrathoracic blood volume index by single thermodilution (ITBVI*) and its sensitivity to detect changes in preload after cardiac surgery compared with conventional transpulmonary arterial dye dilution ITBVI and with conventional monitoring (central venous pressure [CVP] and left ventricular(More)
The objective was to characterize a rapidly progressive subtype of Alzheimer's disease (rpAD). Multicenter (France, Germany, Japan, Spain) retrospective analyses of neuropathologically confirmed rpAD cases initially classified as prion disease due to their clinical phenotype were performed. Genetic properties, cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers, neuropathology,(More)
BACKGROUND Since more than a decade ApoE is known to be a strong risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD); however, molecular pathways mediating this risk are still unclear. In recent years it has been hypothesized that ApoE might play a role in the disintegration of blood-brain barrier (BBB). In the present study we addressed the question if ApoE genotypes(More)
Different rates of progression have been observed among patients with Alzheimer disease. Risk factors that accelerate deterioration have been identified and some are being discussed, such as genetics, comorbidity, and the early appearance of Alzheimer disease motor signs. Progressive forms of Alzheimer disease have been reported with rapid cognitive decline(More)
In this paper we discuss the role of Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) in Disaster Management. In particular we present the use of the Sail Labs Media Mining System in the context of disaster relief operations and use samples to point out advantages and strengths of the MM-System. Future challenges in research and further development of this field are(More)
UNLABELLED Elderly patients are at risk of developing renal dysfunction. Synthetic colloids are often used perioperatively, but they may have detrimental effects on renal function. In a prospective, randomized study, we assessed the influence of different intravascular volume replacement regimens on renal function in elderly (>65 yr) and younger (< 65 yr)(More)
This study evaluated the effects of sodium nitroprusside-induced controlled hypotension on the acute phase response in patients undergoing radical prostatectomy. Thirty patients were randomly allocated to two groups, a hypotension group (mean arterial blood pressure was adjusted to 50 mmHg) and a control group (mean arterial blood pressure > 70 mmHg).(More)
Prions are lethal infectious agents thought to consist of multi-chain forms (PrP(Sc)) of misfolded cellular prion protein (PrP(C)). Prion propagation proceeds in two distinct mechanistic phases: an exponential phase 1, which rapidly reaches a fixed level of infectivity irrespective of PrP(C) expression level, and a plateau (phase 2), which continues until(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE Apolipoprotein E (apoE) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Altered cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma levels have been previously reported in patients with AD. We hypothesized that CSF apoE levels of patients with newly diagnosed AD might be associated with their cognitive performance. METHODS(More)