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Different rates of progression have been observed among patients with Alzheimer disease. Risk factors that accelerate deterioration have been identified and some are being discussed, such as genetics, comorbidity, and the early appearance of Alzheimer disease motor signs. Progressive forms of Alzheimer disease have been reported with rapid cognitive decline(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of uncertainty of the material properties of brain tissue on the probabilistic voltage response and the probabilistic volume of tissue activated (VTA) in a volume conductor model of deep brain stimulation. To quantify the uncertainties of the desired quantities without changing the deterministic model, a(More)
Analysis of 200 paired serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from 180 HIV-positive individuals, 136 of whom had AIDS, revealed intrathecal synthesis of antibodies specific for varicella zoster virus (VZV) in 28 (16%) individuals, measles virus in 15 (8%), herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) in 1 (0.6%), and HSV-2 in none. Of the 28 subjects with a positive(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of uncertainty of the conductivity values on the resulting field distribution in a heterogeneous finite element model of deep brain stimulation (DBS). A non-intrusive projection method was used by expanding the input random variables and the resulting potential on a multidimensional basis called the(More)
Prions are lethal infectious agents thought to consist of multi-chain forms (PrP(Sc)) of misfolded cellular prion protein (PrP(C)). Prion propagation proceeds in two distinct mechanistic phases: an exponential phase 1, which rapidly reaches a fixed level of infectivity irrespective of PrP(C) expression level, and a plateau (phase 2), which continues until(More)
Despite existing criteria, differential diagnosis of Vascular Dementia (VD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) remains difficult. The aim of this study is to figure out cognitive and biomarker profiles that may help to distinguish between VD, AD and AD + Cerebral Small Vessel Disease (CSVD). We examined a cohort of patients with CSVD (n = 92). After(More)
INTRODUCTION The analysis of cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers gains importance in clinical routine and is effective in substantiating dementia diagnosis in the differential diagnostic context. METHODS We evaluated the levels of β-amyloid (Aβ) 42, Aβ40, tau, and P-tau in a large patient population subdivided into prion diseases, tauopathies,(More)
The neurosurgical method of deep brain stimulation (DBS) is used to treat symptoms of movement disorders like Parkinson's disease by implanting stimulation electrodes in deep brain areas. The aim of this study was to examine the field distribution in DBS and the role of heterogeneous and anisotropic material properties in the brain areas where stimulation(More)