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UNLABELLED SciRoKo is a user-friendly software tool for the identification of microsatellites in genomic sequences. The combination of an extremely fast search algorithm with a built-in summary statistic tool makes SciRoKo an excellent tool for full genome analysis. Compared to other already existing tools, SciRoKo also allows the analysis of compound(More)
The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) of the ribosomal DNA is generally considered to be under low functional constraint, and it is therefore often treated as a typical nonfunctional spacer sequence. We have analyzed the ITS regions of five species from the Drosophila melanogaster subgroup, two Drosophila species from outside this group (D. pseudoobscura(More)
Within the past decade microsatellites have developed into one of the most popular genetic markers. Despite the widespread use of microsatellite analysis, an integral picture of the mutational dynamics of microsatellite DNA is just beginning to emerge. Here, I review both generally agreed and controversial results about the mutational dynamics of(More)
The identification of genes contributing to the adaptation of local populations is of great biological interest. In an attempt to characterize functionally important differences among African and non-African Drosophila melanogaster populations, we surveyed neutral microsatellite variation in an 850-kb genomic sequence. Three genomic regions were identified(More)
We report a "hitchhiking mapping" study in D. melanogaster, which searches for genomic regions with reduced variability. The study's aim was to identify selective sweeps associated with the "out of Africa" habitat expansion. We scanned 103 microsatellites on chromosome 3 and 102 microsatellites on the X chromosome for reduced variability in non-African(More)
With the availability of completely sequenced genomes, multilocus scans of natural variability have become a feasible approach for the identification of genomic regions subjected to natural and artificial selection. Here, I introduce a new multilocus test statistic, ln RV, which is based on the ratio of observed variances in repeat number at a set of(More)
Recent statistical analyses suggest that sequencing of pooled samples provides a cost effective approach to determine genome-wide population genetic parameters. Here we introduce PoPoolation, a toolbox specifically designed for the population genetic analysis of sequence data from pooled individuals. PoPoolation calculates estimates of θ(Watterson), θ(π),(More)
SUMMARY Sequencing pooled DNA samples (Pool-Seq) is the most cost-effective approach for the genome-wide comparison of population samples. Here, we introduce PoPoolation2, the first software tool specifically designed for the comparison of populations with Pool-Seq data. PoPoolation2 implements a range of commonly used measures of differentiation (F(ST),(More)
The complete mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region (1043 base pairs) and 162-bp of flanking transfer RNA genes were sequenced in 316 European grayling, Thymallus thymallus, from 44 populations throughout the Western European range of the species. A total of 58 haplotypes were revealed with pairwise divergence ranging from 0.001 to 0.038. An inferred(More)
Within recent years, microsatellite have become one of the most powerful genetic markers in biology. For several mammalian species, microsatellite mutation rates have been estimated on the order of 10(-3)-10(-5). A recent study, however, demonstrated mutation rates in Drosophila melanogaster of at least one order of magnitude lower than those in mammals. To(More)