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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal degenerative motor neuron disorder. Ten percent of cases are inherited; most involve unidentified genes. We report here 13 mutations in the fused in sarcoma/translated in liposarcoma (FUS/TLS) gene on chromosome 16 that were specific for familial ALS. The FUS/TLS protein binds to RNA, functions in diverse(More)
Mutations in the copper zinc superoxide dismutase gene (SOD1) are found in 20% of familial and 3% of sporadic ALS patients. SOD1 protein aggregation can be detected in motor neurons of mutation-negative sporadic cases but a pathogenic role for wild-type SOD1 in ALS has not been demonstrated. In this study of 233 ALS cases and 248 controls the authors found(More)
The somatostatin receptor 5 (SSTR5) gene is a candidate gene for bipolar affective disorder (BPAD) as well as for other neuropsychiatric disorders. The gene is positioned on chromosome 16p13.3, a region that has been implicated by a few linkage studies to potentially harbor a disease susceptibility gene for BPAD. Recent evidence shows that the dopamine D2(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a disorder characterised by a progressive deterioration in memory and other cognitive functions. Glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK3 beta) phosphorylates the microtubule associated protein tau at sites that are aberrantly phosphorylated in AD. GSK3 beta binds to presenilin 1 and plays a role in wnt and insulin signalling(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and the K variant allele of butyrylcholinesterase have a slower rate of cognitive decline than those without the K variant allele of butyrylcholinesterase. METHOD The cognitive status of 339 community based subjects with AD was assessed with the Mini Mental State Examination at(More)
BACKGROUND The apolipoprotein E (ApoE) epsilon 4 and epsilon 2 alleles may influence the age of onset of depressive illness. Depressive illness of late onset is also a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD), and there is some evidence that the ApoE epsilon 2 allele is associated with depressive symptomatology in AD. Depressive symptomatology in AD may(More)
BACKGROUND Subjective memory impairment (SMI) is common in older populations but its aetiology and clinical significance is uncertain. Depression has been reported to be strongly associated with SMI. Associations with objective cognitive impairment are less clear cut. Other factors suggested to be associated with SMI include poor physical health and the(More)
Several studies have suggested an association between polymorphisms and an extended haplotype of the microtubule associated protein tau gene and Alzheimer's disease (AD) in synergy with apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon 4 status. However these findings have not been consistently replicated. We investigated the role of the tau haplotype in AD by conducting an(More)
DOPA decarboxylase (DDC), also known as aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC), is an enzyme involved in the synthesis of the important neurotransmitters dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin. In addition, it participates in the synthesis of trace amines; compounds suggested to act as endogenous modulators of central neurotransmission. Thus, DDC is(More)