Christian Roy

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Ezrin, a membrane-actin cytoskeleton linker, which participates in epithelial cell morphogenesis, is held inactive in the cytoplasm through an intramolecular interaction. Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) binding and the phosphorylation of threonine 567 (T567) are involved in the activation process that unmasks both membrane and actin binding(More)
The cytoskeleton-membrane linker protein ezrin has been shown to associate with phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP 2 )-containing liposomes via its NH 2 -terminal domain. Using internal deletions and COOH-terminal truncations, determinants of PIP 2 binding were located to amino acids 12–115 and 233– 310. Both regions contain a KK(X) n K/RK motif(More)
The entire nucleotide (nt) sequences of three genes (xlnA, xlnB and xlnC) of Streptomyces lividans encoding three distinct xylanases (Xln) have been determined. The nt sequences were confirmed by comparing the deduced amino acid (aa) sequences with the ones derived from the N-terminal aa sequences of the mature purified proteins. The N-terminus of the XlnA(More)
We constructed two megabase-sized YACs containing large contiguous fragments of the human heavy and kappa (kappa) light chain immunoglobulin (Ig) loci in nearly germline configuration, including approximately 66 VH and 32 V kappa genes. We introduced these YACs into Ig-inactivated mice and observed human antibody production which closely resembled that seen(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transcription relies on its transactivating Tat protein. Although devoid of a signal sequence, Tat is released by infected cells and secreted Tat can affect uninfected cells, thereby contributing to HIV-1 pathogenesis. The mechanism and the efficiency of Tat export remained to be documented. Here, we show that, in(More)
Efficient delivery of growth or survival factors to cells is one of the most important long-term challenges of current cell-based tissue engineering strategies. The extracellular matrix acts as a reservoir for a number of growth factors through interactions with its components. In the matrix, growth factors are protected against circulating proteases and(More)
Beside chemical properties and topographical features, mechanical properties of gels have been recently demonstrated to play an important role in various cellular processes, including cell attachment, proliferation, and differentiation. In this work, we used multilayer films made of poly(L-lysine)/Hyaluronan (PLL/HA) of controlled stiffness to investigate(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in cell shape and motility are important manifestations of oncogenic transformation, but the mechanisms underlying these changes and key effector molecules in the cytoskeleton remain unknown. The Fos oncogene induces expression of ezrin, the founder member of the ezrin/radixin/moesin (ERM) protein family, but not expression of the related(More)
Actin assembly on membrane surfaces is an elusive process in which several phosphoinositides (PIPs) have been implicated. We have reconstituted actin assembly using a defined membrane surface, the latex bead phagosome (LBP), and shown that the PI(4,5)P(2)-binding proteins ezrin and/or moesin were essential for this process (). Here, we provide several lines(More)
The ribonucleoprotein complex between 5-S RNA and its binding protein (5-S RNA . protein complex) of yeast ribosomes was released from 60-S subunits with 25 mM EDTA and the protein component was purified by chromatography on DEAE-cellulose. This protein, designated YL3 (Mr = 36000 on dodecylsulfate gels), was relatively insoluble in neutral solutions (pH(More)