Christian Rolando

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Sequential salt (CaCl2 , LiCl) extractions were used to obtain fractions enriched in cell wall proteins (CWPs) from the stem of 60-day-old flax (Linum usitatissimum) plants. High-resolution FT-ICR MS analysis and the use of recently published genomic data allowed the identification of 11 912 peptides corresponding to a total of 1418 different proteins.(More)
Macrophages exert a crucial, but still incompletely known, role in complex disorders such inflammatory, immunological, and infectious diseases. A differential proteomic approach should help to elucidate the macrophage dysfunctions involved in these diseases. With this goal in mind, we established the first two-dimensional maps of the human macrophage(More)
To better detect and identify beeswax in ancient organic residues from archaeological remains, we developed a new analytical methodology consisting of the analysis of (i) the trimethylsilylated organic extract by GC/MS and (ii) the crude extract by ESI-MS. Selective scanning modes, such as SIM or MRM, permit separate quantification of each chemical family(More)
Caffeoyl coenzyme A O-methyltransferase (CCoAOMT, EC 2.1.1.104) down-regulated-flax (Linum usitatissimum) plants were generated using an antisense strategy and functionally characterized. Chemical analyses (acetyl bromide and thioacidolysis) revealed that the lignin quantity was reduced and that the Syringyl/Guaïacyl (S/G) lignin monomer ratio was modified(More)
We found previously that the human lung benzo(a)pyrene (BP)-7,8-diol-9,10-epoxide-N(2)-deoxyguanosine (BPDE-dG) adduct concentrate in the target bronchial cells. This adduct is now considered to be critical event in tumorigenesis by BP. In this study, we investigate the contribution of cigarette smoke on the BPDE-dG formation. In a cell-free system, the(More)
(−)-Epigallocatechin (EGC), one of green tea polyphenols, has been shown to inhibit growth of cancer cells. However its mechanism of action is poorly known. We show here that EGC strongly inhibited the growth of breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231) but not that of normal breast epithelial cells. The inhibition of breast cancer cell growth was due(More)
Phosphorylation of the microtubule-associated Tau protein plays a major role in the regulation of its activity of tubulin polymerization and/or stabilization of microtubule assembly. A dysregulation of the phosphorylation/dephosphorylation balance leading to the hyperphosphorylation of Tau proteins in neurons is thought to favor their aggregation into(More)
The presented work proposes a new methodology based on proteomics techniques to identify proteins in old art paintings. The main challenging tasks of this work were (i) to find appropriate conditions for extracting proteins from the binding media without protein hydrolysis in amino acids and (ii) to develop analytical methods adapted to the small sample(More)
The physical chemistry and the free radical chemistry of the most abundant polyphenolic flavan-3-ols in food, catechin, its methylated metabolites, and several methylated analogues, have been investigated by laser flash photolysis and cyclic voltammetry studies. Two independent phenoxyl radicals formed upon oxidation of flavan-3-ols have been characterized(More)
Lignification was investigated in wild-type (WT) and in transgenic poplar plantlets with a reduced caffeic acid O-methyl-transferase (COMT) activity. Coniferin and syringin, deuterated at their methoxyl, were incorporated into the culture medium of microcuttings. The gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of the thioacidolysis guaiacyl (G)(More)