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The antiestrogen tamoxifen (Tam or Nolvadex, ICI)-Z-1-[4-[2-(dimethylamino) ethoxy]phenyl]-1,2-diphenyl-1-butene is widely used in treatment of hormone-dependent breast cancer. The drug is extensively metabolized by cytochrome P450 dependent hepatic mixed function oxidase in man, yielding mainly the N-desmethyl metabolite (DMT). This study has been carried(More)
Irinotecan (CPT-11) is a new camptothecine derivative presently in development for the treatment of several advanced malignancies. It is converted in vivo to a highly potent metabolite, SN-38, by carboxylesterases. All camptothecine derivatives undergo lactonolysis in a pH-dependent reversible manner, generating inactive carboxylate forms. We have(More)
Irinotecan (CPT-11) is a water-soluble analogue of camptothecin showing activity in colon cancer. Recently, we identified a major metabolite of CPT-11 in patients' plasma, 7-ethyl-10-[4-N-(5-aminopentanoic acid)-1-piperidino] carbonyloxycamptothecin (APC), which is produced by the oxidation of the distal piperidine ring (P. Rivory et al, Cancer Res., 56:(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Tacrine administration (1-3 mg/kg) may lead to sinusoidal concentrations in the micromolar range and produce liver dysfunction in 50% of recipients. The aim of this study was to determine the cellular effects of tacrine that account for liver dysfunction. METHODS The effects of tacrine on mitochondrial function were determined in(More)
Irinotecan [7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino]carbonyloxycamptothecine++ +] is a water-soluble analogue of camptothecine used in the second-line treatment of advanced colon cancer. Recently, we identified, in the plasma of patients and in human liver microsomal incubations, the presence of a new metabolite of irinotecan,(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of recombinant human cytochrome P-450 1A2 (rH-CYP1A2) in studies performed in vitro in order to predict metabolic drug-drug interactions occurring in man. In vitro metabolism of tacrine (a CYP1A2 probe) in the presence and absence of fluvoxamine, a CYP1A2 inhibitor, was investigated in human liver(More)
Caffeine biotransformation and four monooxygenase activities involving cytochrome P-450IA2, namely ethoxy- and methoxyresorufin O-dealkylases, phenacetin O-deethylase, and acetanilide 4-hydroxylation were studied in 25 human liver microsomes. All these activities were highly significantly intercorrelated (r greater than 0.72, p less than 0.001) and(More)
Ritonavir, indinavir, and saquinavir, all human immunodeficiency virus-1 protease inhibitors with a potent antiviral effect during triple therapy, are extensively metabolized by liver cytochrome P450 3A4. As this P450 isoform is involved in the metabolism of about 50% of drugs, coadministration of protease inhibitors with other drugs may lead to serious(More)
The effects of chronic exposure to phytosanitary products are difficult to determine because of their use in combination with other products and their variety of formulations containing additives or contaminants. In order to evaluate, at the cellular level, the risk of myelosuppressive effects caused by two widely used herbicides, atrazine and dinoterb, we(More)
1. Interspecies (including man, monkey, rabbit, rat and mouse) variations in caffeine metabolism by liver microsomes were studied. While N-3 demethylation was the major pathway in man (81% of total dimethylxanthines), N-7 demethylation was predominant in monkey (89%), and the three demethylation pathways were about equal in mouse, rabbit and rat. 2. Three(More)