Christian Rey

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The environment of carbonate ions in bones of different species (rat, rabbit, chicken, cow, human) was investigated by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) associated with a self-deconvolution technique. The carbonate bands in thev 2 CO 3 2− domain show three components which were identified by using synthetic standards and different properties of(More)
The structure of the Ca–P solid phase in bone was first identified by deJong in 1926 as a crystalline calcium phosphate similar to geological apatite by chemical analyses and, most importantly, by X-ray diffraction [1]. The X-ray diffraction data was confirmed a few years later [2]. These findings initiated a flurry of research on a more detailed chemical(More)
Digital image manipulation software is now readily available on personal computers. It is therefore very simple to tamper with any image and make it available to others. Insuring digital image integrity becomes a major issue. In this paper, we propose an original method to protect image authenticity using an invisible and robust watermark. Our scheme is(More)
The modern design of industrial structures leads to very complex simulations characterized by nonlinearities, high heterogeneities, tortuous geometries... Whatever the modelization may be, such an analysis leads to the solution to a family of large ill-conditioned linear systems. In this paper we study strategies to efficiently solve to linear system based(More)
The environment of CO3 2− ions in the bone mineral of chickens of different ages and in bone fractions of different density have been investigated by resolution-enhanced Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy. Three carbonate bands appear in thev 2 CO3 domain at 878, 871, and 866 cm−1, which may be assigned to three different locations of the ion in(More)
A resolution-enhanced Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopic study of the CO3 2− ion in pig enamel of increasing age and maturity has demonstrated the existence of four different, main carbonate locations. The major CO3 2− site arises as a result of the substitution of CO3 2− ions in the positions occupied by PO4 3− ions in the apatitic lattice. In(More)
Poorly crystalline apatites (PCA) are the major mineral component of mineralized tissues in vertebrates. Their physical-chemical properties are, however, not very well known due to their relative instability and the difficulties to characterize nanocrystalline compounds. Several studies using spectroscopic techniques (Fourier transform infrared [FTIR]; 31P(More)
Apatite crystals of the calcified zone of the subarticular cartilaginous growth plates of the long bones of young growing chickens and calves were isolated by low temperature reaction with hydrazine and plasma ashing and examined by electron microscopy, electron diffraction and microprobe analysis, and computer-generated deconvolution of the spectra(More)
Digital image manipulation software is now readily available on personal computers. It is therefore very simple to tamper with any image and make it available to others. Insuring digital image integrity has therefore become a major issue. Watermarking has become a popular technique for copyright enforcement and image authentication. The aim of this paper is(More)